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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 53792

Hob Uid: 53792
Location :
North Yorkshire
Harrogate
Hutton Conyers
Grid Ref : SE3262073520
Summary : Remains of Hutton Conyers Castle moated manor house, built in 1136 and destroyed circa 1154 and the purported site of a deer park. Earthwork remains are visible at this site on historic and recent air photos, the features that have been identified include a moat with outer enclosures, traces of settlement in the form of building platforms, a large platform and other ditches, drains, pits and hollows.
More information : [SE 32627352] Hutton Hall [G.T.] (Site of) (1)

[SE 32497353] Moat [G.T.] [SE 327 735] Track of Ancient Road [GT] (2)

The castle of Hutton Conyers, built c.1136 apparently consisted of a square central platform defended by a series of concentric banks and ditches which have been much mutilated probably when the stronghold was destroyed by Henry II. There appear to have been two oblong courts on the north and east and there are traces of an ancient road leading to an entrance at the south east angle of the eastern enclosure. (3)

The castle earthworks are correctly described by authy 3, and have been re-surveyed at 1/2500. Their mutilation is predominant on the southern side, where the main defences have been obliterated by a combination of quarrying and landslip. A series of slight parallel banks centred at SE 32647343, however, may represent remains of the outworks on this side.

No entrance can now be identified at the south east angle; but there is no evidence of any approach to the site other than by the sunken track indicated by authy 3. Within the area of the central platform, the ground is disturbed, and some loose stone is apparent, but no recognisable foundations are visible. (4)

Just north of the village is the site of Hutton Hall, the old moated manor-house of the Conyers, and subsequently of the Mallorys. In 1869 the site was occupied by a farm house dating from the 16th century which contained a ceiling decorated with the Mallory arms showing "that this house also had been at times the residence of the lords of the manor". (No building shown here on OS 6" 1856).
According to tradition it was attacked during the civil wars by Parliamentary forces. There is no trace of the park which once surrounded the hall (Name Park Hill at SE 332738 on OS 6" 1856). (5)

Earthworks on Hutton moor (? SE 37 SE 3-Henge) or north of the village may be the castle of Earl Alan built in 1140. (6)

SE 325 735. Hutton Hall (site of). Scheduled No NY/1002. (7)

Earthwork remains are visible at this site on historic and recent air photos, the features that have been identified include a moat with outer enclosures, traces of settlement in the form of building platforms, a large platform and other ditches, drains, pits and hollows. The core of the complex appears to be the moated enclosure centred at SE 3250 7354. This comprises an inner platform measuring approximately 60x45m. On this platform there are at least 3 small rectilinear hollows which may be the remains of building platforms. The northern and eastern side of the moat are defined by a broad ditch some 10-12m wide, the northern side is further protected by a substantial bank and an outer ditch. The western and southern sides of the moat appear to have been heavily disturbed by later activities (see UID 1519325). Around the western and northern sides and north-east corner of the moat there are traces of a bank and ditched-defined outwork or outer enclosure, again the western side in particular has been heavily disturbed. These elements can be seen at SE 3244 7353 and SE 3250 7361. On the south-eastern side of the moat there is a large flat area or platform, centred at SE 3258 7353 and measuring approximately 90x50m, but again the south-western side has been mutilated. Low earthworks at the north-eastern corner of the platform at SE 3258 7356 are thought to be settlement remains and amongst these two possible building platforms have been tentatively identified. Further possible building platforms have been noted along the southern edge of the platform, eg at SE3260 7350 and SE3257 7348 though it is possible that these were later additions. Similarly the possible trackway at SE 3257 7347, which runs from the rear of a couple of extant house plots fronting on to Smith Lane to the south-east corner of the moat, may be later than the moat itself.
(8-13)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1957.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1928.
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Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/106G/UK1306 4261 26-MAR-1946
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Source Number : 11
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/66053 90 21-SEP-1966
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Source Number : 12
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 01-OCT-2009 ACCESSED 01-JUNE-2010
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Source Number : 13
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : LIDAR SE3272 ENVIRONMENT AGENCY D0017674 3-MAY-2001
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : WM l'Anson
Page(s) : 356-7
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Vol(s) : 1912-3
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 31-MAY-62
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Source Number : 5
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, North Riding, volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 403
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Source Number : 6
Source : Norman castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 208
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Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Symeon of Durham 2 306
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Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List N Yorks March 1994 20
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE 3273/17 NMR 20728/30 12-NOV-2007
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/106G/UK754 3016 17-AUG-1945
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Manor House, Moat, Deer Park, Building Platform, Mound, Boundary, Trackway, Ditch, Enclosure, Hollow, Pit
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Trackway, Building Platform, Ditch, Mound, Pit, Hollow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 1002
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 37 SW 26
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1519325
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1519323
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 37 SW 26
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-05-31
End Date : 1962-05-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUTTON CONYERS CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31