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Historic England Research Records

Money Hill

Hob Uid: 53913
Location :
North Yorkshire
Hambleton
Pickhill with Roxby
Grid Ref : SE3450083700
Summary : Remains of a motte and bailey castle, built between 1135-53 are visible as earthworks on air photographs. It was incorporated into a railway embankment in 1851 and a bungalow was built on part of this embankment in the early 1980s. The motte is roughly square in plan and stands approximately 3 metres high. It was originally surrounded by a moat ditch, which is now partially infilled but survives as an earthwork on the south eastern side. A plan drawn in 1913 shows the bailey on the western side of the motte, defined by a curving bank.
More information : SE 3458 8375: Moat (NR). (1)

Pickhill (Money Hill), the castle of Roald, Constable of Richmond, was erected during the reign of Henry I. The motte, squarish in shape and cut through by the railway, is about 105 to 130 feet east to west and about 110 feet north to south and now about 13 feet
high. The motte is surrounded by a moat some 60 feet wide. The bailey lay to the west and would appear to be very large although the earthworks are much mutilated. The castle never developed any works in masonry. (2)

Motte and bailey castle with squarish motte cut through by railway. (3)

No trace of a bailey can be seen around this widely ditched castle platform. Some mounds lie to the west as sketched on OS 6". (4)

Only part of the Motte (known locally as "Money Hill") and the moat in the SE are visible now, the remainder having been destroyed by the railway embankment and extensive ploughing which has also removed any traces of the bailey. Divorced Survey at 1:2500.(5)

SE 346 837: Money Hill, 12th century motte and bailey castle,
Pickhill. Scheduled No NY/1235.(6)

Listed by Cathcart King.(7)

Remains of a motte and bailey castle which was incorporated into a railway embankment in 1851 by the Leeds and Thirsk Railway Company and in the early 1980s a bungalow was built on part of this embankment. The site is located 130 metres west of All Saints Church on the west bank of Pickhill Beck. The castle was built during the wars between King Stephen and the Empress Mathilda in 1135-53. Scheduled.(8)

A medieval motte, moat, ditch, banks and mounds are visible as earthworks on air photographs.

The remains of a sub-square motte measuring approximately 45m by 41m is visible incorporated into a railway embankment. The motte is surrounded by a moat between 16m and 20m wide.

To the east lie various banks, ditches and mounds including one broad curving bank to the north-west. It is likely that the earthworks described by authority 2 (above) as the bailey are more likely to be associated with later ridge and furrow cultivation.
(9-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : 1913
Page(s) : 372-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22
Source Number : 3
Source : Yorkshire, the North Riding
Source details : 1966
Page(s) : 286
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Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (RAF 10GG/UK/1306 4358-9 26.3.46) and 7507-8 (Crawford Collection)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISS 10-MAY-74
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Source Number : 6
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : 1994
Page(s) : 15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details : 1983
Page(s) : 523
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : EH scheduling amendment, 12-NOV-2003
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE3483/1 (11757/7507) 06-Jun-1933
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Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1306 4358 26-Mar-1946
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built 1135-53
Monument End Date : 1153
Monument Start Date : 1135
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Moat, Bank (Earthwork), Ditch, Mound
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1851
Monument End Date : 1851
Monument Start Date : 1851
Monument Type : Railway Embankment
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Early 1980s
Monument End Date : 1982
Monument Start Date : 1980
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 1235
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 34731
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : NYM21918
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 38 SW 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1407644
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 38 SW 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-05-10
End Date : 1974-05-10
Associated Activities : Primary, PICKHILL VILLAGE GREEN/MONEY HILL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: THORNBOROUGH HENGES AIR PHOTO MAPPING PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31