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Historic England Research Records

Castle Hill

Hob Uid: 54160
Location :
North Yorkshire
Selby
Kirk Smeaton
Grid Ref : SE4992017220
Summary : Possible promontory fort or enclosure of suggested Iron Age date
More information : [Name centred SE 4987 1725] Castle Hill [GS] AO/LP/59/37
shows published 6" detail enlarged
to 1/2500. (1)

Castle Hill, Wentbridge, Kirk Smeaton, is classed as apromontory
fortress. "Certain vesties of an earthwork are to be seen on a
projecting bluff on the south side of the River Went and 1 mile east
of Wenrbridge. The older maps of the Ordnance Survey show the western
portion as inclosed by an oval line of bank, now destroyed, but on
the east are two straight detached pieces of rampart, apparently
unconnected with the rest of the work. A little to the east of them
is an indentation in the cliff, suggestive of the beginning of a
ditch". (2)

The remains now consist only of a single earth and stone bank,
partly denuded and covered by dense vegatation at SE 4995 1725.
This is the more southerly of the VCHs 'two straight detached
pieces of rampart apparently unconnected with the rest of the
work". All the other features shown on the 1853 6" have been
destroyed by quarrying. Castle Hill is a spur overlooking the
steep sided valley of the River Went, to the north, and a good
situation for a promontory fort. The indentation in the cliff,
mentioned by authority 1, is a hollow way to a track descending
the easiest path down the side of the valley. There are other
similar hollows further to the east, and it may not be connected
with the earthwork. It is understood, from the Contractor that
further quarrying is to take place and threatens the surviving
remains.

A 25" survey has been made. (3)

Survey of 15-7-60 unchanged. (4)

The classification as a promontory fort cannot be accepted
uncritically, though the virtual destruction of the site makes
any positive identification uncertain. The plan on the 1853 6 in.
suggests a simple enclosure with a possible annexe, the surviving
portion of which is still quite strong on the ground. The plan is
not suggestive of a promontory fort, though the remains may be
those of a fortified farmstead enclosure, and may be I.A. (5)

SE 499176 Castle Hill, Wentbridge, listed by Challis and Harding
as a promontory site incorporating a simple enclosure with
possible annex. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1853.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : "VCH Yorks" Vol. 2 1912 p.5.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 15-JUL-60
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RWE 21-SEP-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F3 ECW 09-DEC-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : BAR 20 pt 2 1975 Later Prehist from Trent to Tyne 52(A J Challis & D W Harding)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosure, Promontory Fort
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 41 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 41 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-07-15
End Date : 1960-07-15
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 41 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-09-21
End Date : 1964-09-21
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 41 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-12-09
End Date : 1964-12-09