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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 54923

Hob Uid: 54923
Location :
North Yorkshire
Selby
Tadcaster
Grid Ref : SE4854043540
Summary : A Medieval motte and bailey situated on the west bank of the River Wharfe, to the north of Tadcaster town centre. The northern side slopes steeply down to an outer moat, now infilled, whilst outworks to the east of the motte have been reduced by embanking of the river and are no longer visible as earthworks. The southern part of the bailey has been built over, although its extent can be extrapolated from street patterns. The motte is an earth and stone mound 7m high and 25m diameter with a small inner bailey 20m across on the west side, divided from the outer bailey further to the west by a ditch 20m wide and 2m deep. A low bank 1m high extends along the northern perimeter of the bailey, with a small mound standing 4m high at the north west corner. This mound is believed to be the remains of a gun emplacement dating from the re-fortification of the castle during the Civil War. The castle is early Norman in date, its founding attributed to William de Percy in the late 11th century. It is thought that the castle is built upon, and partly incorporates, the pre-Norman defences which occupied the north east corner of Tadcaster. The castle became neglected from the 12th century when the Percy family ceased to have a dwelling in Tadcaster. At the begining of the Civil War in 1642, the Parliamentarian, Thomas Fairfax refortified the castle site with bastions and cannon placements. The new defences withstood several Royalist assaults before Tadcaster was taken in 1643. Scheduled.
More information : [SE 4854 4354] CASTLE HILL [G.T.]. (1)

Castle Hill - The motte is much reduced in size and the southern portion of the bailey has been built over, but otherwise well preserved. (2)

A revised survey of these earthworks has been made. (3)

Condition unchanged. (4)

(SE 48534355) Castle Hill (NAT) Motte & Bailey (NR). (5)

According to Leland the castle was demolished to provide stone for the bridge. (6)

Motte and bailey was surveyed by the Tadcaster History Society showing that the motte had been reshaped as a Civil War bastion and that another bastion was made at the west end of the bailey rampart. (7)

As described and planned. (8)

The site of the motte and bailey castle is visible on air photographs. The motte mound and earthworks to the west are visible, but much of the area to the south is tree covered and the earthworks are masked. (10)

Listed by Cathcart King. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 39
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 527
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Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 24/04/1963
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 03/01/1975
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Source Number : 5
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1968
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Source Number : 6
Source : Yorkshire's ruined castles : an account of their history, asssociations and architecture with a chapter on the fortified houses of the county
Source details :
Page(s) : 132
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 116
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 42 (1968)
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 21/08/1985
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Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 11/07/1997
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CRA (AJC 52/23) 28-AUG-1985
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Pre- Norman
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Town Defences
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Early Norman
Monument End Date : 1100
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Moat
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Refortified in 1642
Monument End Date : 1642
Monument Start Date : 1642
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Gun Emplacement
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 1198
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26941
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 44 SE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 44 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-04-24
End Date : 1963-04-24
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 44 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-01-03
End Date : 1975-01-03
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 44 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1985-08-21
End Date : 1985-08-21
Associated Activities : Primary, TADCASTER CASTLE MOTTE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: VALE OF YORK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-06
End Date : 2000-12-31