HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Danum Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 55889
Location :
Doncaster
Doncaster
Doncaster
Grid Ref : SE5743003470
Summary : The site of two Roman forts; a Flavian one and a smaller Trajanic/Hadrianic, fort which appears to have been occupied to the end of the Roman period, the defences of the vicus been excavated, and also a Medieval lime kiln.
More information : [SE 57430347] Danum [G.S.] (1)

The Roman fort of Danum has been completely built over, but early references to `castle' remains, and the finds of Roman coins,
pottery, and an altar, suggest the site occupied the area now bordered by High Fishergate, Scot Lane, Cleveland Street, Printing Office Street, Factory Lane, and Church Lane. (2)

There are no surface indications of the fort, and no structural evidence has come to light to confirm its postulated limits.

Recent Roman finds in the town have been confined to RB levels noted in a pipe-trench between SE 57900304 and SE 57480330, and burials uncovered at SE 57450351 during the construction of a new road (a).

The altar (found in 1781 whilst digging a cellar for the Elephant Inn (b) at SE 57390328) is in York Museum. The present whereabouts of the other finds is unknown. (3)

Major development work has allowed extensive salvage work to be carried out in the centre of Doncaster. Two superimposed Roman forts have been found. The main fort which has now been traced on all four sides was of about 4 1/2 acres. An earlier one, however, on the same site was rather bigger, about twice the size, its defences have so far only been traced on the east and south sides, although only the base of the ditch survives, the rest having been cut away by later medieval work. Enough remains to show that this must be dated to the Flavian period and that it was abandoned in the 2nd century. The smaller fort was thought to have been established in the late 2nd century and garrisoned to the end of the Roman period. It seems certain that an extensive civil settlement existed along the Roman road to the west of the fort and although two wells and many rubbish pits have been found no substantial buildings have come to light. (4)

Name `DANVM' accepted for 4th. edition R.B.Map. (5)

SE 574036: A Length of Roman wall, 2.5m thick, Of four courses 0.5m high, was uncovered by excavation NE of St Georges Church, Church Street, Doncaster. It formed part of the Roman 'ditches' of the later fort. The site is now (1976) becoming overgrown due to lack of maintenance. (6-7)

A section of the Antonine defences to the south east of the church was excavated in 1971. A first-century shield was found on the edge of a burnt area. The remains comprised the iron boss and handgrip and charred remains of the wood which was of at least two layers. The remains, together with a full-size reconstruction, are now in the Doncaster Museum. (8)

In 1975 excavation continued on the east defences to the east of the parish church. North of the east gate a building of Flavian-Trajanic date was located; its demolition-levels produced a tile stamp of legio IX Hispana. In the late third or first half of the fourth century a continuous wall, 2m thick was built across the line of the east gate. By the mid fourth century, structures were being built over the levelled earlier rampart abutting onto the later wall. (9)

Excavations at St Sepulchre Gate, south of the fort, uncovered what appeared to be the western defences of the vicus. Three parallel ditches each c.2 m deep ran N-S. The innermost contained pottery of late second or early third century date but the outer pair had been dug in the fourth century. A hoard of 48 Constantinian AE coins was found in a small pit on the W side of the central ditch. (10)

Excavation north of St George's House, to locate the northern fort defences revealed the inner face of the base of a Flavian turf rampart overlain by a patch of gravel, possibly a later intervallum road and cut through by a number of pits and gullies. A medieval lime kiln had been dug through the rampart and a medieval linear feature filled with cobbles and loosely packed earth may have been robbing along the line of the later fort wall. (11)

DANUM - Identified with the Roman fort at Doncaster. The identification is certainly correct for the Antonine Itinerary and may be so for the Notitia Dignitatum, but the possibility remains that this may refer to an unlocated fort near Jarrow, Durham, which is also on a River Don. (12)

Note : See BAR Ro. Series 148 1986 for further information. (13)

Report on the excavations carried out in the area outside the Roman fort by P C Buckland, M J Dolby, J R Lidster, J R Magilton and S Roe between 1961 and 1977. The fort is centred on SE 574 035. (14)

Report on archaeological work in Doncaster 1960-67. (15)

Additional reference. (16)

Excavation in 1986 uncovered what might be the remains of the fort's west defensive ditch, and vicus defences consisting of three ditches. (17)

Report on the Medieval material excavated from the fort site. (18)

Additional references. (19-20)

SE 574 036. Wall of Roman fort. Scheduled no. SY/1216. (21)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dalesman 6 1944-5 pp184-6 (Whiting)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 247-69
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Sep-78
Source Number : 9
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 317
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jul-76
Source Number : 10
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 384
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Aug-77
Source Number : 11
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 51 - 1979
Source Number : 12
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rivet, A L F and Smith, C, 1979. The Place-Names of Roman Britain p329
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : R6 NB 10-DEC-84
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Buckland, P C and Magilton, J R, 1986. The Archaeology of Doncaster, 1. The Roman Civil Settlement, BAR Brit Series (148)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Birmingham Univ Archaeol Soc Bulletin 7 1968-9 48-51 (P Buckland)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 16
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Crickmore, J, 1984. Romano-British Urban Defences, BAR Brit Series 126 (13 110-111 181 186-187)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 17
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : CBA Forum for 1986, CBA Grp 4 Annual Newsletter, 26-27 (J Little)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey archaeology field investigator RWE 14-SEP-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 18
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Buckland P C, Magilton J R and Hayfield C, 1989. The Archaeology of Doncaster, The Medieval and Later Town, BAR Brit Series 202 (i) and (ii)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 19
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Magilton, J R, 1977. The Doncaster District, An Archaeological Survey (32-34)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 20
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Tufi, S R, 1983. Corpus of Sculpture of the Roman World, Great Britain, Vol I Fasicule 3, Yorkshire (19-20)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 21
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage SAM List South Yorkshire 31.3.94 p5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J R Lidster, Keeper of Archaeology, Doncaster Museum.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Tomlinson J 1887 Doncaster from Roman Occupation to Present Time pp4-6 illusts
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Current archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 273-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 33 - July 1972
Source Number : 5
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : R3 DS 10-OCT-75
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Department of the Environment Archaeol Excav 1972 p71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Mr P C Buckland & Mr M J Dolby, Doncaster Museum.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Department of the Environment IAM Record Forms 4.10.78
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 96
Monument Start Date : 69
Monument Type : Fort
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 98
Monument Type : Fort, Vicus, Altar
Evidence : Building, Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Lime Kiln
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SY 1216
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 50 SE 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1047493
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1053254
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 50 SE 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-09-14
End Date : 1964-09-14
Associated Activities : ST GEORGE GATE (BINN'S SITE)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1967-01-01
End Date : 1967-12-31
Associated Activities : NE OF PARISH CHURCH,DONCASTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1967-01-01
End Date : 1967-12-31
Associated Activities : CHURCH WAY NORTH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1970-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : HIGH FISHER GATE,DONCASTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1970-01-01
End Date : 1971-12-31
Associated Activities : HIGH FISHER GATE,DONCASTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : E OF PARISH CHURCH, CHURCH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : NE OF PARISH CHURCH,DONCASTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : ST SEPULCHRE GATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : ST GEORGE'S HOUSE (GARDEN)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31
Associated Activities : 2 & 3 CHURCH VIEW
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : CHESWOLD ROAD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : BAXTER GATE/HIGH STREET/SCOT LANE/MARKET PLACE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND OFF CLEVELAND STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : NORTHBRIDGE RELIEF ROAD (MARKET CAR PARK)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : ASKEWS PRINT SHOP, CHURCH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : FORMER MBC OFFICES, WOOD STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : TETLEY PUB SITE, HALL GATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT HIGH FISHER GATE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT HIGH FISHER GATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : WATERDALE CAR-PARK
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT WATERDALE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31