HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 56097

Hob Uid: 56097
Location :
Doncaster
Norton, Owston
Grid Ref : SE5639112021
Summary : Two large enclosures each defined by banks and ditches, and containing timber buildings. Now partially reduced to cropmarks through plough damage. Possible Iron Age enclosed settlement also Mesolithic flint working site. The multivallate ditches and banks forming the perimeter of these two enclosures and some associated ditch are visible as earthworks on air photographs.
More information : [SE 563121] Earthworks [G.T.] (1)

The banked and ditched earthworks (visible on AP's) (4) situated on marshy ground on Sutton Common were excavated 1933-5 by Prof Whiting.
The structures had superficial appearances not unlike those of Roman camps, but this hypothesis was not confirmed by excavation. A series of post-holes, some containing the remains of partially decayed wooden stakes, with evidence of brushwood between, was found beneath the rampart, suggesting a palisade predating the earthwork. Circular depressions on the ramparts, each surrounding a low mound, were considered to represent hut circles.
Finds were few, comprising a perforated stone object possibly a net sinker or spindle whorl; a clay ball; fragments of RB pot of late 2nd/early 3rd cent. date; a wooden object, possibly a wheel; Me to BA Flint implements mostly found below the old soil line and consisting of scrapers, blades, flakes and cores; also animal bones.
Whiting considered that the position of the R.B. pottery dated the earthworks to before the end of the 2nd cent. A.D., but this is by no means definite, and the state of preservation of the wooden finds suggests a much more recent date. (2-4)

Published survey (25") revised. The banks enclose two small pasture grounds within an area of drained fen. The 'earthworks' are of no recognisable form but appear to be the result of seasonal 'warping', (alluvial deposits from controlled flooding) and may be no earlier than Medieval in date. (5)

Possible Mesolithic flint working site, cores and blades/flakes. (6)

Aerial photograph of plough damage. (7)

Owing to agricultural destruction the site was partially excavated in 1987-9. Enclosure B contained organic remains including hurdle fencing and prehistoric carpentry. C14 dating of the timber and seeds suggest the enclosure was used around the 5th and 4th centuries BC.

The excavation of enclosure A uncovered the remains of timber-built buildings, possibly dwellings, in the form of post-holes, a few still had the remains of posts within them. A row of stakes was found when the central bank was excavated. However, a serious peat fire in the 1960s may have destroyed most of the organic remains in this area. The site's history may be summarised as follows:

1. The whole peat basin must at one time have been open water bounded by reedswamp and woodland, with a slow moving river running through northwards to the River Went. This episode probably coincided with the Mesolithic activity noted on the small island (Sut 2).

2. The two largest Islands were enclosed by earth banks and ditches, possibly around the 5th to the 4th century BC, though the banks of Enclosure A post-dated a timber palisade of unknown date.

3. The preserved timber in the ditches of Enclosure B demonstrate that woodland in the area was coppiced during this time. (8)

Additional reference. (9)

An examination of air photographs dating to the 1970s and 1980s (10a)
reveals that enclosure A has been levelled by ploughing, although it
is still showing in 1984 as cropmarks. Ploughing has respected
enclosure B which in 1987 still survives as earthworks. (10)

SE 563 121 and SE 565 121. Earthworks on Sutton Common. Scheduled
no. SY/291. (11)

Two large enclosures and some ditch are visible as earthworks on air photographs. They may be interpreted as enclosed settlements of Iron Age date. They are centred at SE 5641 1207.

The western and smaller of the enclosures is formed by a bank and a ditch (the latter appears to run in parts around both the interior and exterior sides of the bank). The bank measures 4-5m wide and the ditch is 3-5m wide. In plan the enclosure is slightly triangular. Part of the bank extends from a possible entrance in the south-east side towards to second larger enclosure lying 68m to the east. This may be a hint of a causeway (Van de Noort, 2004). There is a second possible entrance in the south-western side. The larger enclosure is sub-rectangular in plan and defined (along the eastern side at least) by between 3 and 4 ditches and a similar number of banks. It is not clear whether these features are defensive. Around the western side there is less evidence on the air photographs available of such multivallate construction. There appear to be entrances facing north-west (in line with the possibly causewayed entrance in the smaller enclosure) and south-east (through the multivallate earthworks).
(12-16)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Yorkshire Archaeol J 33 1936-8 pp57-80 Fig Plates (C E Whiting)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : NMR, SE 5612/1-39
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage, SAM List, South Yorkshire, March 1994, p 5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE5612/3 (DNR 2372/11) 02-Oct-1984
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/60427 81790 21-Jun-1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/67061 0150 14-Jun-1967
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/71049 0124 03-May-1971
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 16
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : http://www.projects.ex.ac.uk/suttoncommon/suttoncommon.pdf
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Antiquity 8 1934 p104 (Crawford)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs 541/31/3407-8 May 1948. CPE/UK 1880/4073-4 Dec 1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 23-OCT-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wymer, J J (ed), 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites, CBA Research Rpt 20 (393)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rescue News 25 March 1981 p6
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : South Yorkshire Archaeol Unit Annual Review 1989-90 pp3-12
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : CBA Forum 1987 CBA Grp 4 Annual Newsletter pp18-20 (B Sydes and J Symonds)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Jane Stone/10-AUG-1995/RCHME:AP Primary Recording Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Mesolithic
Display Date : Mesolithic
Monument End Date : -4000
Monument Start Date : -10000
Monument Type : Lithic Working Site
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Ditch
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Mesolithic
Component Monument Type : Lithic Working Site
Object Type : CORE, BLADE
Object Material :
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Object Material :
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Object Material :
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00133/02
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 291
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00133/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00133/03
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00133/04
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 02937/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 02937/02
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 51 SE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 620454
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1909-01-01
End Date : 1910-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1910-01-01
End Date : 1914-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1926-01-01
End Date : 1926-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1933-01-01
End Date : 1935-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 51 SE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-10-23
End Date : 1964-10-23
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: AIR PHOTOGRAPH PRIMARY RECORDING PROJECT 1992-1996
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON MANAGEMENT PLAN
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON COMMON ENCLOSURES
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: SUTTON COMMON 1:2500 AIR PHOTO RECTIFICATION
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2003-08-11
End Date : 2003-09-09
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: THE MAGNESIAN LIMESTONE IN SOUTH AND WEST YORKSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31