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Historic England Research Records

Cromwells Batteries

Hob Uid: 56113
Location :
Doncaster
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SE5298010400
Summary : Possible site of civil war battery, indicated by the place name `Cromwell's Batteries', traces of earthworks and a short length of bank found on the site. An earthwork motte is visible as an earthwork on air photographs.
More information : [SE 5294 1040] Cromwell's Batteries [O.E.]. (1)

Some old batteries said traditonally to have been used by Oliver Cromwell during the destruction of Hampole Old Hall. (2)

The remains of earthworks centred at SE 52381040 have been resurveyed at 1:2500. No further information was obtained from local sources apart from the continuance of the tradition mentioned in Auth.2. The remains are indicative of an oval or rectangular earthwork with a single bank of some strength. Only a short length survives, the remainder having been destroyed by modern development. Though its size and plan suggest a form of ring-motte, it has some similarities with a known Civil War Battery at Cornbury, Oxfordshire. (3)

SE 5297 1044. Cromwell's Batteries motte and bailey castle, Skellow. The monument comprises a motte, c.5m high, surrounded by a ditch with sections of a bailey and rampart surviving to north and west. By and large, the bailey is lost under the road (Cross Hill), but small areas survive relatively undisturbed in private gardens and adjacent land. The motte, which is best defined of the surviving features, lies in the grounds of Skellow Old Hall. A ditch coming through the west boundary of the hall grounds, close to the motte, is interpreted as an inlet or outlet channel for the ditch. Immediately to the west of the motte, areas of the bailey survive in the gardens of Cromwell's Croft and The Cottage, and Edgehill. The most substantial section of bailey and rampart lies to the north of the road, where the latter stands to a height of c.3m. This section would originally have curved round to the west and south to link with the section south of the road. Some modification of these remains is thought to have occured during the Civil War, giving rise to the tradition that they were gun emplacements and the local name Cromwell's Batteries. All modern buildings and the surfaces of paths and driveways are excluded from the scheduling, though the ground beneath is included. The monument is composed of three separate constraint areas. Scheduled no. NY/13214. (4)

A medieval motte/ post medieval battery is visible as an earthwork on air photographs at SE 5299 1043.

The motte measures 26m by 19m. None of the other features mentioned above was identified on the air photographs available to the project.
(5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Object Name Book reference
Source details : ONB 1904 19
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 10-NOV-64
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Source Number : 3a
Source : Oxoniensia
Source details : B H St J O'Neil
Page(s) : 73-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1945
Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage, Scheduling Amendment, 24-FEB-1995
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/69072 0179 30-Jul-1969
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Battery
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SY 1219
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13214
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00298/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 51 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 51 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-11-10
End Date : 1964-11-10
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: THE MAGNESIAN LIMESTONE IN SOUTH AND WEST YORKSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HILL FARM, OLD SKELLOW
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31