HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Wood Hall

Hob Uid: 56236
Location :
North Yorkshire
Selby
Womersley
Grid Ref : SE5363020590
Summary : Medieval moated manor, first documented in 1322. Total excavation of the site was carried out in advance of destruction by the Gale Common Ash Disposal Facility. Occupation remains of 12th-16th century date were found together with the remains of the overlying 18th-19th century model farm. Due to the high water table there was exceptional preservation of organic remains, including the remains of a sequence of timber bridges. A medieval garden and finds indicative of the high status of the site were also discovered. The moat was found to be an integral part of the, partly pre-existing, medieval land drainage system. A pond in an annexe to the north, originally thought to be a fishpond, is now considered to be a clay pit for brickmaking. The moat, pond and ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs.
More information : [SE 536 205] Moat [GT]. (1)

Published Survey (25" 1963) correct. A water filled homestead moat, 1.0m. in depth, surrounding a 19th century farm and outbuildings. The remains of the moat are well defined, and in reasonable condition. (2)

Condition unchanged apart from minor amendments; published survey (25") revised. (3)

Woodhall "SE 536206, banked enclosure to N. contains fish-ponds. Manor held in 1322 by John de Woodhall. Now buried below power station sludge". (4)

The Wood Hall Moated Manor Project, run by NYCC and sponsored by National Power, has been undertaking total excavation of the site since 1988, in advance of its destruction by the Gale Common Ash Disposal Facility. Excavation has uncovered occupation remains of 12th-16th century date as well as the overlying 18th-19th century model farm. The high water table has resulted in exceptional preservation of organic remains, including parts of successive bridges, timbers from the latest two (B and C) yielding felling dates of 1493/4 and 1560/1 by dendrochronology. The 1493 date is associated with the building of an elaborate stone gatehouse which began to subside in c 1620 and was demolished 1680-1700. Remains of a medieval garden and finds indicative of the high status of the site have been discovered. Documentary evidence reveals the changing ownership of the site from the 14th to the 16th century. (5)

A felling date of 1457/8 was obtained for one of the timbers of
bridge A but bridge Z, the earliest so far found, could not be
dated. The moat was found to be an integral part of the, partly pre-existing, medieval land drainage system. Bedding trenches of
medieval and 16th century date were found and a large stake-lined pit of medieval date with well preserved wood and leather artefacts. Trial trenching in the E part of the moat island has revealed robbed out walls of what may be the manorial hall itself. (6)

The pond in the annexe to the N interpreted as fishponds by Authority 4 has been re-interpreted as a clay pit for brickmaking (7).

A medieval moat, clay pit and ditches are visible as earthworks on air photographs centred at SE 536 2059.

The moat, at SE 5361 2057, comprises an incomplete wide ditch and measures approximately 106m by 119m. On most photography this is masked by tree cover. To the north are a series of abutting ditches, probably part of a medieval drainage system. A clay pit is also visible at SE 53702067.
(8-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1953
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 19-APR-1963
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 BHP 03-JAN-1975
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The moated sites of Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 129
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.5
Source Number : 5
Source : Current archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 360-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol 12 no 9, 1995
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wood Hall Moated Manor Project, 1995, Interim Report
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Simon Thompson/25-OCT-1995/Pers comm to Mark Bowden
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 58/1573 (F22) 0011 22-Sep-1954
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE5320/2 (5082/22) 21-Jan-1988
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12-C16
Monument End Date : 1599
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Moat, Manor House, Pit, Garden, Clay Pit, Bridge
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mid/late C12
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1133
Monument Type : Post Built Structure, Post Hole, Storehouse
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1457/8
Monument End Date : 1458
Monument Start Date : 1457
Monument Type : Bridge
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1493/4
Monument End Date : 1494
Monument Start Date : 1493
Monument Type : Drawbridge, Gatehouse
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1493-1700
Monument End Date : 1700
Monument Start Date : 1493
Monument Type : Gatehouse, Banqueting House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1493-1700
Monument End Date : 1547
Monument Start Date : 1547
Monument Type : Gatehouse, Banqueting House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1547
Monument End Date : 1547
Monument Start Date : 1547
Monument Type : Chapel
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1560/1
Monument End Date : 1561
Monument Start Date : 1560
Monument Type : Bridge
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C18/C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Model Farm, Clay Pit
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Post Built Structure, Post Hole, Storehouse
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Gatehouse, Banqueting House
Object Type : DRINKING VESSEL, KNIFE, PLATTER, BOWL, SHOE, OYSTER SHELL
Object Material : Glass, Wood, Leather
Period : Post Medieval
Component Monument Type : Gatehouse, Banqueting House
Object Type : SHOE, DRINKING VESSEL, KNIFE, PLATTER, BOWL, OYSTER SHELL
Object Material : Glass, Wood, Leather

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : NYM9803
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 52 SW 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1403783
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 52 SW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-04-19
End Date : 1963-04-19
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 52 SW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-01-03
End Date : 1975-01-03
Associated Activities : Primary, WOOD HALL, WOMERSLEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: LOWER WHARFEDALE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-03-04
End Date : 2004-11-09