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Historic England Research Records

Castle Hill

Hob Uid: 56340
Location :
North Yorkshire
Selby
Sherburn in Elmet
Grid Ref : SE5307033319
Summary : An embanked enclosure measuring 47 metres by 25 metres seen on aerial photographs of 1967. Suggested on the basis of documentary sources to be the possible site of a medieval castle. There is no archaeological evidence to assign this monument to a particular period and the the earthworks may be largely spoil from drain clearance.
More information : [SE 53103331] Castle Hill [G.T.]. (1)

Robert de Greneway is associated with grants of land in Abbeholm (a) in 1228 referring to "Castell-toft". At the confluence of "Greendyke" and Selby Dam there is a spot still called Castle Hill. The reason of its existence I cannot explain. This however, is no doubt the land referred to as "Castell toft". At the time of the
enclosure of Rest Park in 1222 some portion of Rest Park belonged to the .. manor of Abbholm." (2)

In 1383 Archbishop Alexander Neville was granted a licence to embattle his manor of Rest and erect a fortlet there [Site of Manor House: see SE 53 SW 1]

Castle Hill may be the site of the 'fortlet' mentioned in the above
licence. It is sited in Rust Park about 1/2 west of the Manor House. If the association of Castle Hill with Castle-toft, 1228, is correct,
it is difficult to see the connection with the fortlet of 1383. (3)

[SE 53103331] Castle Hill [GT]
[Feature shown as single banked earthwork] (4)

The remains of an earthwork situated 25 ft. above sea level upon a flat plain. In construction the work appears to have originally consisted of a broad rampart with accompanying external ditch, however, farming and the construction of a cart track have greatly mutilated the whole, and extant features now remain only of a spread bank with, on the north and south faces, a slight ditch. The best preserved portion of the work is at the north-eastern corner
corner where the features are more pronounced than elsewhere. No indications could be found of an internal structure, nor could an original entrance be determined. There is an ample local water supply.

No conclusions could be drawn as to the purpose of the work or its period of construction. The feature formerly published as forming a portion of this antiquity i.e. west of the drainage ditch (see OS 6") is in fact spoil from consecutive ditch clearings.
A 25" survey has been completed and anotated. (5)

Completely ploughed out, published survey (25") revised. (6)

SE 531333. Castle Hill. Low mound in marshy site. Listed under 'Possible Castles'. (7)

SE 531334. Castle Hill must be the Swythemund-'burnt mound or embankment' mentioned in 1283 and 1304 which suggests that an old habitation was burnt down. The name was afterwards used for the more northerly farmstead at North Sweeming (SE 531338) mentioned as Northswymond in 1509. (8)

The embanked enclosure recorded by the previous Authorities is visible as an earthwork on vertical photographs, dated 1967. Internally the enclosure has dimensions of 47 m by 25 m. The enclosure is approximately rectilinear, the north-east and south-east corners are slightly rounded; the other two corners have probably altered in character because of the trackway which now crosses the enclosure, close to the western end. Later photography suggests the enclosure is now levelled and seen as a soil mark. (9)

The ordinance survey record card for thsi site (SE 53 SW 3) notes early antiquarian speculation that it is the remains of a twelfth century motte castle linked to some contemporary documentary references. The record card ends with an OS Surveyor's field note that it is in fact largely spoil from drain clearance. A medieval date for the site is considered to be unlikely and even if the site is the remains of a motte castle, it has been so badly truncated by a farm track that it is unlikey to qualify for scheduling due to its poor survival. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1906-50
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Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Sherburn & Cawood 1882 25 131 (W Wheater)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : English Place-Name Society : the survey of English place-names [county volumes]
Source details : (AH Smith)
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 33 - 1961
Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/67.58 116-117 13-JUN-1967
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Source Number : 10
Source : English Heritage Alternative Action Report
Source details : Eric Instone, MPPA, 6th May 1997
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Source Number : 2a
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Lansdowne Mss ccccii
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Source Number : 3
Source : Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series
Source details : A Hamilton Thompson
Page(s) : 206
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 83, 1932
Source Number : 3b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Cal Pat Rolls 1381-85 333
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 20-UL-59
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Source Number : 4c
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1845-48
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 FDC 20-JUL-59
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F3 BHP 03-JAN-75
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 532
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Bank (Earthwork), Ditch, Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 9447.06
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 53 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 53 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1959-07-14
End Date : 1959-07-14
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 53 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1959-07-20
End Date : 1959-07-20
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 53 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-01-03
End Date : 1975-01-03
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: VALE OF YORK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-06
End Date : 2000-12-31