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Historic England Research Records

Abbey opf St Mary

Hob Uid: 56602
Location :
York
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SE5992052140
Summary : The now ruined St Mary's Abbey was originally founded as the minster of St Olave at Galmanho before 1055, but had been re-established by 1068 as a Benedictine monastery as part of an exchange of land between the Archbishop of York and monk Stephen of Whitby. Following a visit by William Rufus circa 1086-9, the church was found to be too small for the brethren and William granted land adjacent to the church to expand the abbey. A new church was built and rededicated to St Mary. It was the first monastic establishment founded in Yorkshire after the Conquest and became one of the wealthiest abbeys of the order. The monastery also had a mitred Abbot who sat in the House of Lords. In 1539 the abbey was dissolved by Henry VIII and acquired by the Crown for the northern headquarters of the King's Council.The chief portions remaining are the late 13th century north aisle with arcading and traceried windows, the adjoining west wall and doorway, most of the 13th century precinct wall, towers and gatehouse. The present hospitium is a modern restoration.
More information : [SE 59945217] Remains of St. Mary's Abbey [G.T.]
Benedictine, founded AD 1088-9)
[SE 5976 5204] Tower [G.T.]
[SE 5984 5206] The Hospitium [G.T.]
[SE 5998 5234] Tower [G.T.]
Abbey Wall [G.T.] [4 places]
[SE 5994 5228] Tower [GT] (1)

St. Mary's Abbey of Benedictine Monks was founded 1098-9. Extensive remains include the church nave, most of the 13th century precinct wall, towers and gatehouse. The present hospitium is a modern restoration. A scheduled ancient monument. (2-4)

The remains of the abbey and precint wall are in a good state of preservation. GPs AO.63.111.4 and AO.63.111.5 show the North and North West aspects of the abbey church,GP.AO.63.111.6 shows the SW aspect of the precinct wall and tower at SE 5998 5234,and GP AO63. 111.7 shows the remains of the gateway from the S.E. (5)


The remains of the Abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary are the ruins of a Bendictine Abbey. The first monastic establishment found in Yorkshire after the Conquest. Refounded in 1098 by William Rufus and dedicated by him. It became one of the wealthiest Abbeys of the Order and had a mitred Abbot who sat in the House of Lords. Monks from St.Mary's founded Fountains Abbey. The chief portions remaining are the late C13 north aisle with arcading and traceried windows, the adjoining west wall and doorway, and extensive foundations. The richly carved late Norman vestibule to the Chapter House and the calefactory fireplace exist in situ under the Tempest Anderson Hall of the Yorkshire Museum (q.v.). A.M. (RCHM Vol IV, Monument 4).
(6)

St. Mary's Abbey SCHEDULED York- SE 601523.
St. Mary's Abbey " " " precinct wall. (7)

Listed. (8,9)

After the Dissolution, part of the complex was retained for use as an administrative centre of the Council of the North,and remained so until 1641. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:250 1961.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Yorkshire: the city of York
Source details :
Page(s) : 357-60
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval religious houses : England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 82
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : List Ancient Monuments 1961 (Ministry of Works)
Page(s) : 106
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 04-JUN-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) City of York, North Yorkshire, June 1983, 31-32, 249-250
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : North Yorkshire (May 1987)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 32
Source Number : 9
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 82,487
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 4 : 1485-1660 (Part 2)
Source details :
Page(s) : 355-64
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Extant by 1055
Monument End Date : 1086
Monument Start Date : 1055
Monument Type : Minster
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Re-founded 1086
Monument End Date : 1086
Monument Start Date : 1086
Monument Type : Benedictine Monastery, Abbey
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Tudor
Display Date : Change of use 1539
Monument End Date : 1539
Monument Start Date : 1539
Monument Type : Royal Palace
Evidence : Ruined Building, Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Tudor
Display Date : Dissolved 1539
Monument End Date : 1539
Monument Start Date : 1539
Monument Type : Benedictine Monastery, Abbey
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 12a
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 12
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 465211
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 60254
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1257128
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1004919
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 55 SE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SURVEY BY SYDNEY DECIMUS KITSON
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, ST MARY'S ABBEY CHURCH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1955-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 55 SE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-06-04
End Date : 1963-06-04
Associated Activities : Primary, ST MARY'S ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MUSEUM GARDENS (SEWER TRENCH)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MUSEUM GARDENS, TEMPEST ANDERSON HALL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TEMPEST ANDERSON HALL, MUSEUM GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : Primary, ST MARY'S ABBEY PRECINCT WALL, MARYGATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CABLE TRENCH, MUSEUM GARDENS, MUSEUM STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST MARY'S ABBEY, YORK
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT YORK ART GALLERY
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST. MARY'S ABBEY, MUSEUM GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST. MARY'S ABBEY, MUSEUM GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST. MARY'S ABBEY (SOUTH TRANSEPT), MUSEUM GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31