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Historic England Research Records

Marton Priory

Hob Uid: 56699
Location :
North Yorkshire
Hambleton
Marton-cum-Moxby
Grid Ref : SE5845469425
Summary : Double house of Augustinian canons and Benedictine nuns founded by 1154. It became an Augustinian monastery in 1167, when the nuns were moved to Moxby, and was dissolved in 1536. In 1280-3 it was impoverished and misruled, and 2 canons were sent to other houses. It was ravaged by the Scots in 1322. Earthworks of water management connected to fish farming remain including fishponds, reservoir, and a watermill remain.
More information : (SE 58376948) Site of (NAT) Marton Priory (NR)
(Austin Friars) Moat (NR) (Twice)
(SE 58526978) Lead Coffin with Skeleton found AD 1852 (NAT)
(SE 58456952) Human Remains found AD 1892 (NAT) (1)

The priory of St Mary Virgin was founded about 1154 as a double
monastery of Augustinian canons and Benedictine nuns by
Betram de Bulmer. The nuns moved to Moxby (SE 56 NE 3) before
1167 but seem to have adopted the Augustinian rule after 1310.
At the dissolution in 1536 there were 15 canons besides the
prior and 37 servants. (2-3)

Extensive earthworks mark the site of Marton Priory. The modern
farm incorporates sculptured fragments including two crowned
shields with the initials IHC. In the front wall, a large stone
has a large well carved angel corbel bearing an inscribed
scroll. Two priory mills still exist, one called Abbey Mill, and
a corn mill lower down the stream. (4)

A lead coffin, 4 ft long, was found at a depth of 3 ft, when
draining in the Spring of 1852. The skeleton, apparently of a
female, had the skull missing. Two skeletons and a square block
of wood were embedded in a solid mass of rock met with during
excavations for drains and foundations in the autumn of 1892.
The skeletons were replaced except for a skull and two
thighbones, believed to be in the Masonic Hall, West Hartlepool. (5)

The priory earthworks include fish ponds at SE 58366946. (6)

Earthworks comprise the fragmentary remains of a precinct
feature in the form of a substantial bank in the south, and a
moat on the north and west sides. On the latter side the moat
also probably served as a feed for a series of fish ponds. In
addition a well-defined scarp delineates the raised 'D' shaped
area occupied by the priory itself. There is also a partially
ditched building platform at SE 58546944 and a system of banks
enclosing rig and furrow at SE 58456964. Published survey (25")
revised. (7)

SE 585696. Marton Priory. Scheduled. (8)

Marton Priory and its landscape has been surveyed at 1:1000 scale by RCHME. Full report. (9-10)

The earthwork features associated with Marton Priory were transcribed for the Vale of York project, based on the 1:1000 RCHME survey. No additional features were recorded from air photographs, except medieval ridge and furrow in adjacent fields, recorded in SE 56 NE 30.
(11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1911
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 142,166,278,281
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE 5869/11 NMR 12072/25 26-JUN-1991
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Source : Marton Priory/ink survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source : Marton Priory/pencil survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the counties of England
Source details : Yorkshire: Religious Houses
Page(s) : 223
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3
Source Number : 4
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, North Riding, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 154-5
Figs. :
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Revision Object Name Book 1891/1910 17 25
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Source Number : 6
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : RAF 58/1273 F21 0009-10 12-SEP-1953
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R W Emsley/05-SEP-1973/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List North Yorkshire March 1994 15
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Donnie A Mackay & Vivien G Swan/1986/RCHME: Marton Priory
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : Donnie A Mackay & Vivien G Swan. 1989. "Earthworks at Marton and Moxby Priories"
Page(s) : 71-84
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 61 1989

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1167
Monument Start Date : 1154
Monument Type : Augustinian Double House, Priory, Benedictine Nunnery
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant
Monument End Date : 1536
Monument Start Date : 1167
Monument Type : Augustinian Monastery, Priory, Fishpond, Reservoir, Watercourse, Watermill, Building Platform, Ridge And Furrow
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : Narrow Ridge And Furrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : AF0662026
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 300
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26939
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 56 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 56702
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1182050
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 56 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-09-05
End Date : 1973-09-05
Associated Activities : Primary, MARTON PRIORY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1982-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: VALE OF YORK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-06
End Date : 2000-12-31