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Historic England Research Records

Castle Hills

Hob Uid: 57913
Location :
North Yorkshire
Selby
Drax
Grid Ref : SE6760326018
Summary : A medieval moated site now occupied by Castle Hill Farm. The site is reputed to be that of Talleville castle built after 1139 by Philip de Colville. The castle was adulterine and was one of those ordered to be destroyed by Stephen in 1154 under the terms of a treaty with Henry of Anjou. There is a 1278 documentary reference to a garden on the site of the manor, but by 1405 the site was recorded as being worthless due to flooding and in 1421 it was assessed as being worth 3 shillings and four pence in herbage. The monument is typical of a nobleman's moated manor house of the 12th to 13th centuries, with a 55 metre square island raised above the level of the surrounding fields with material from a deep encircling moat ditch. On the outside of the moat ditch there is a substantial encircling bank, up to 15 metres wide, which would have typically derived from material dredged from the dicth after the initial construction. The entire circuit of the moat ditch survives as an earthwork except in the north eastern part of the monument where it survives as an infilled feature. The moated island is now occupied by a farm house and a number of outbuildings and other farm buildings, one of which has been converted into domestic accommodation. On the south side of the island there is a slight earthwork depression which is interpreted as a fishpond. Scheduled.
More information : [SE 676260] Castle Hills [NAT]. On site of Castle [NR]. (1)

In the summer of 1154 the Castle of Drax was destroyed by King Stephen. (2)

Resurveyed at 1:2500. A well-defined dry moated enclosure now occupied by modern farm buildings. It is a typical homestead moat, more likely to be 14th century and manorial than connected with a 12th century Castle. (which would probably have been a motte). (3)

Condition unchanged. (4)

SE 676260. Castle Hills, a raised rectangular moat site with
ditches, best on the south side. Originally the Talleville castle
but in 1278 there was a garden 'on the site of the manor'. In 1405 it was worth nothing because flooded and in 1421 it was described as a waste site. (5) Listed by Renn (6). (5-6)

SE 676 260. Moated site south of Drax. Scheduled. (7)

(SE 676 260). Moat (NR). (8)

The moat ditch and surrounding bank described by previous authorities was seen as earthworks on air photographs taken in 1984. The fishpond to the south was also recorded. Within the moated enclosure a smaller platform is defined in the south east corner, approximately 36m by 32m. This could represent some kind of functional land division within the moated enclosure. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Early Yorkshire Charters, 1914, vol 1, p 369
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator, RL, 28-MAR-1963
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator, ISS, 07-JAN-1975
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Source Number : 5
Source : The moated sites of Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 124
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Vol(s) : no.5
Source Number : 6
Source : Norman castles in Britain
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Source Number : 7
Source : List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 65
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Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 8
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10,000 1974
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Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 29/01/1998
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (RC8-GB 38) XX-XXX-1984
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built after 1139
Monument End Date : 1154
Monument Start Date : 1139
Monument Type : Adulterine Castle
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12 to C13 (After 1154 and to 1278)
Monument End Date : 1278
Monument Start Date : 1154
Monument Type : Moat, Manor House, Fishpond
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 685
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 30108
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 9369.04
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 9369.041
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 62 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 62 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-03-28
End Date : 1963-03-28
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 62 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-01-07
End Date : 1975-01-07
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: VALE OF YORK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-06
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE HILL FARM, DRAX
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31