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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 47 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942709
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1176742780
Summary : A Bronze Age bell barrow, known as Amesbury 47, survives as earthworks and forms part of the Cursus barrow cemetery (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow has an overall diameter of circa 36m and comprises a central oval mound, 1.6m high, surrounded by a concentric berm and outer ring ditch. The ring ditch joins that surrounding the next barrow to the east, Amesbury 46 (Monument Number 942705). Excavations for Colt Hoare in the early 19th century located a simple interment of burned bones (Barrow 32). In 1913 Maud Cunnington noted the barrow was in good condition having never been ploughed. It was listed as Amesbury 47 by Goddard (as a large bell barrow) and by Grinsell (as a bell barrow). The barrow was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : `E' - SU 11774277; Amesbury 47, a bell barrow with a raised berm, overall diameter 124ft. (1) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 32) located a primary cremation. (2)

A sherd of collared urn with twisted cord ornament was found on either this barrow or Amesbury 46 (SU 14 SW 428) by Mr. B.G Hopkins, 35 Breamore Ave. Chelmsford. Essex, on 21.4.57. (3)

Amesbury 47; a ditched bell barrow confluent with Amesbury 46 (SU 14 SW 428). It is 2.6m high and 36m in diameter. (4)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 47 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (5)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (7-9)

The Bronze Age bell barrow referred to above (1-9) was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The round barrow has an overall diameter of circa 36m, and comprises an oval mound, 1.6m high, surrounded by a roughly concentric berm (between 1m and 2.5m wide) and a ring ditch. The top of the mound measures 11m and the base is 19m in diameter. The berm is 23m in diameter and the ring ditch measures up to 8m wide and 0.3m deep. It joins the ditch surrounding Amesbury 46, the next barrow to the east (Monument Number 942705). The oval hollow on top of the mound probably relates to early excavations. (10-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : LV Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 207
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 162
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Source Number : 11
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage
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Vol(s) : 85-2010
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Salisbury Museum 2.5" Record Sheets
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 11-APR-69
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Source Number : 5
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
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Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 570
Page(s) : 192
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1050-1052 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1242/127 (WAP 11820/27306) XX-XXX-1977
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/64 (15197/23) 03-JAN-1995
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/02-JUN-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bell Barrow, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bell Barrow, Round Barrow
Object Type : CREMATION, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10342
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW748
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 429
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942712
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942696
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942705
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942691
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942703
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31