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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 580733

Hob Uid: 580733
Location :
Northumberland
Northumberland
Horsley
Grid Ref : NZ1106067450
Summary : Altars and centurial stones were found at the site of Rudchester Mithraeum.
More information : NZ 1106 6745. Mithraeum [GSC] (site of) (1)

The mithraeum is situated at the junction of two former hedges, one running from Rudchester Farm yard to a point on the March Burn 180 yards south of the road; and the other from the south end of the present western plantation past the spring (see plan). The line of the former can still be determined partly as a bank, and partly as demarcation between rig and furrow ploughing. Excavation between May and August 1953 showed the mithraeum to consist of two building phases. The first orientatad NW-SE, had an overall length of 60 ft, with a segmental apse at the west end, and narthex at the entrance. It was built in the early third century over an earlier, unidentified stone structure apparently of Antonine date. Rebuilding took place towards the end of the century, and the new temple, identical in plan with the first except for the narthex, incorporated two centurial stones from the Vallum, one inscribed 7 iv.v. It was short lived, and was probably finally desecrated early in the 4th century. Four altars were recovered during the excavation additional to five previously found in the vicinity in August 1844. Only four of the total are inscribed. (2)

There are no surface remains. The site, falls in a pasture field between two areas of rig and furrow ploughing. Finds are now in the Newcastle Museum of Romano-British Antiquities. (3)

The four altars found in 1844 are nos 1395-8 inclusive. Full details are given. (4)

The Mithraeum is recorded as NZ 16 NW 94.

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:2500 1961
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Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (Gillam JP and MacIvor I)
Page(s) : 176-219
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 32, 1954
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 03-MAR-1966
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone
Source details :
Page(s) : 454-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Altar, Centurial Stone
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26039
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1395
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1396
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1397
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1398
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 16 NW 38
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1012724
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 16 NW 38
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-03
End Date : 1966-03-03