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Historic England Research Records

Eburacum

Hob Uid: 58150
Location :
York
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SE6000051600
Summary : Roman civil town, later a Colonia, built on the south east bank of the River Ouse, the defences followed in part by the mediaeval wall. The civilian settlement at York was probably built from the early 2nd century AD. A probable visit by Hadrian in AD 122 may have provided the stimulus for rapid growth and the construction of public buildings and private houses. The promotion of York to Colonial status probably occured under Caracalla in the early 3rd century AD and certainly by AD 237. York may already have possessed the rank of Municipium prior to its promotion. After the middle of the 4th century archaeological evidence indicates a period of decline as buildings and streets fell into disrepair, possibly caused by civil unrest and the continuous demands of Imperial usurpers for garrisoned troops.
More information : [SE 600516] A Roman civil town, later a Colonia, situated S.W. of the Ouse, the defences followed in part by the mediaeval wall. Remains of massive walling have been found at 5968 5162, 5973 5173 and 5981 5180, and numerous buildings have been excavated.(1)

The civilian settlement at York was built on the South East bank of the River Ouse, probably from the early C2nd, and a probable visit by Hadrian in AD 122 may have provided the stimulus for rapid growth and the construction of public buildings and private houses.

The promotion of York to Colonial status probably occured under Caracalla in the early C3rd and certainly by AD 237. York may already have possessed the rank of Municipium prior to its promotion.

After the middle of the C4th archaeological evidence indicates a period of decline as buildings and streets fell into disrepair, possibly caused by civil unrest and the continuous demands of Imperial usurpers for garrisoned troops. (2-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The City of York. Volume 1: Eboracum: Roman York: Addendum
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Page(s) : 42-58
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Roman and Anglian York, Historical Map and Guide 1988 YAT RCHME OS
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Diagram showing structural finds, York
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Source : RCHME: Old Station Yard, Public Baths, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia: House in Toft Green with three mosaics, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Fetter Lane Bath House, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Building Remains under St Mary's Church, Bishophill Senior, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Roman Buildings in Toft Green, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia Defences, Old Station Yard, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Roman Buildings and other Finds in Toft Green, York
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Source : RCHME: Old Station Yard, Baths and Earlier Remains, York
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Source Number : 3
Source : The towns of Roman Britain
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Page(s) : 167-188
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Source : RCHME: Old Station Yard Baths and earlier remains, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Building with Mosaic, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Buildings in Micklegate, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Roman Buildings and other remains, Toft Green, York
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Source : RCHE: Old Station, Public Baths, York/survey
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Source : RCHME: Old Station Yard, Baths and Earlier Remains, York
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Source : RCHME: Colonia, Buildings in Micklegate, York
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Early C2
Monument End Date : 132
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Settlement
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Post early C2 AD
Monument End Date : 133
Monument Start Date : 133
Monument Type : Municipium
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Early C3
Monument End Date : 232
Monument Start Date : 200
Monument Type : Colonia
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 65 SW 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1121552
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, 62A BOOTHAM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1966-01-01
End Date : 1966-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, EAST OF BISHOPHILL SENIOR (COLONIA)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 14-20 BLOSSOM STREET/FORSSELIUS' GARAGE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 14 SKELDERGATE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 2 ST MAURICE'S ROAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TRINITY LANE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 18A-19 FETTER LANE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 127 MICKLEGATE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FORMER PRESTO SUPERMARKET, GEORGE HUDSON STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31