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Historic England Research Records

St Leonards Hospital

Hob Uid: 58179
Location :
York
York
York
Grid Ref : SE6005152109
Summary : This site originally held St Peter's Hospital, which was renamed St Leonard's Hospital. The hospital was located to the West of the Minster (see SE65SW335). The building was constructed by William Rufus under Augustinian rule and became one of the greatest of all the English hospitals. The remains are scheduled and consist of a building believed to be the ambulatory and chapel, in early 13th century style, and a small remnant of undercroft (temps. William II) preserved under the Theatre Royal. Part of the boundary wall in the garden of the Conservative Club and behind St. Wilfrid's Church is said to have been visible in 1955. See G.Ps AO 63/114/4, 5 & 6 for illustrations of the hospital remains. One small section of the boundary wall incorporated into the modern building line, survives at SE 6014 5215.
More information : [SE 6005 5205] ST. LEONARD'S HOSPITAL [G.T.] (remains of) (1)

St. Peter's Hospital, rebuilt by William II and renamed St. Leonard's in the reign of Stephen, was under Augustinian rule and became one of the greatest of all the English hospitals. The remains are scheduled and consist of a building believed to be the ambulatory and chapel, in early 13th.cent. style, and a small remnant of undercroft (temps. William II) preserved under the Theatre Royal. Part of the boundary wall in the garden of the Conservative Club and behind St. Wilfrid's Church is said to have been visible in 1955. See G.Ps AO 63/114/4, 5 & 6 for illustrations of the hospital remains. One small section of the boundary wall incorporated into the modern building line, survives at SE 6014 5215. (2-7)

History of the hospital and description of the remaining features. (8)

The remains of St Leonard’s Hospital are a grade I listed building. For further details on the designation see the statutory data. (9)

At the time of amending this record in 2012, access to information on the designation noted in source 7 above is available via the National Heritage List for England. (10)

According to English heritage’s Corporate GIS this building lies in a Conservation Area and is a Scheduled Monument. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1/1250, 1961.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval religious houses : England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 322
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Source Number : 11
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:1250, 2008
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Source Number : 3
Source : A history of Yorkshire: the city of York
Source details :
Page(s) : 363-4
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : List Ancient Monuments 1961, 106 (Ministry of Works)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 06-JUN-63
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Source Number : 6
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : North Yorkshire
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Vol(s) : Part 32
Source Number : 7
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 407
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Source Number : 8
Source : Advances in monastic archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : Nov-18
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Vol(s) : 227
Source Number : 9
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : York, 14-Mar-1997
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Source Number : 10
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : The National Heritage List for England, St Leonard's Hospital, [Accessed 10-JUL-2012]
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt by William II
Monument End Date : 1100
Monument Start Date : 1087
Monument Type : Hospital
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Renamed during reign of King Stephen
Monument End Date : 1154
Monument Start Date : 1135
Monument Type : Hospital
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Chapel
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 464568
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 31
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 464254
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1257087
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 65 SW 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 535017
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1066561
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1301065
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : ST LEONARD'S HOSPITAL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1961-01-01
End Date : 1961-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 65 SW 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-06-06
End Date : 1963-06-06
Associated Activities : INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : THEATRE ROYAL, ST LEONARD'S PLACE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : MUSEUM GARDENS (TIME TEAM)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : ST LEONARD'S HOSPITAL, MUSEUM GARDENS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: DISABILITY IN TIME AND PLACE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2011-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31