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Historic England Research Records

York Minster

Hob Uid: 58299
Location :
York
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SE6032352195
Summary : Founded on the site of a Roman fortress in 627. Present building is the fifth rebuilding dating from the 11th century. It may be reasoned that York had a cathedral in 314 from the fact that Bishop Eborius of York was a representative of the English church at a convocation in Arles in that year. King Edwin of Northumbria was baptised in the Ouse in 627, after which he ordered an oratory to be constructed on the site. He later instructed Bishop Paulinus to build a stone church, square in plan with at least one porticus, on the same site as the oratory. This was repaired and extended by Bishop Wilfrid from 669. This was destroyed by fire in 1069. Rebuilt after 1070 on a cruciform plan with apsidal chancel, and apsidal chapels East of the transepts. That church was in turn burnt down in 1137. Rebuilding was undertaken from 1171 by Bishop Roger of which the choir and crypt remain. The nave and transepts were begun under Archbishop Thomas after 1181. The transepts were completed between 1225-55, the Chapter House between 1260-90, the nave was remodelled between 1290-1320, the West towers built 1320-50, and the choir and Lady Chapel remodelled between 1385-1410. The Old Library, to the South of the nave was built between 1410-25. The South transept was badly damaged by fire in 1984 and repaired 1984-8. Excavations in the cathedral have shown that although there was continuance of occupation in the vicinity of the site from the 5th-11th centuries, the present minster does not stand on the site of the Saxon minster. The latter may have stood a little to the North of the present site. Furthermore, it is probable that the Roman `cathedral' of Bishop Eborius stood within the colonia on the North bank of the Ouse, rather than on the South bank.
More information : (SE 60325219) St. Peter's Cathedral (NAT) The Minster (C of E) (1)

1. MINSTER YARD
5343

The Cathedral Church of St Peter
(York Minster)

SE 6052 SW 27/15 14.6.54

I GV

2.
The fifth church to be built on this site. Early English
transepts. Decorated Nave and Chapter House. Norman crypt with
excavated undercroft containing substantial remains of the Roman
Legionary Fortress and of the Norman Church of Archbishop Thomas of
Bayeux. Celebrated painted glass of 1180-1510. (2)

Additional references. (3-9)

Note on the lost Petty memorial window. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:2500 1962
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) City of York, N. Yorks, June 1983, 225.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DNH (HHR) City of york, Mar-1997, 884-8
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Excavations at York Minster: volume II
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Excavations at York Minster, volume I : from Roman fortress to Norman Cathedral; part 1 : the site; part 2 : the finds
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The noble city of York
Source details :
Page(s) : 23-225,409-47
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The story of York Minster
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Yorkshire : York and the East Riding
Source details :
Page(s) : 126-57
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : York Minster: an architectural history c1220-1550
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : The journal of stained glass
Source details :
Page(s) : 30-44
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29, 2005

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Extant 627-1066
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 627
Monument Type : Minster
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Built 627
Monument End Date : 627
Monument Start Date : 627
Monument Type : Cathedral, Minster
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Transept repaired
Monument End Date : 1988
Monument Start Date : 1984
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Extended 669
Monument End Date : 669
Monument Start Date : 669
Monument Type : Cathedral, Minster
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Destroyed 1069
Monument End Date : 1069
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Cathedral, Minster
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt 1070; destroyed 1137
Monument End Date : 1137
Monument Start Date : 1070
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilding began
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1171
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Remodelled
Monument End Date : 1350
Monument Start Date : 1225
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Remodelled
Monument End Date : 1425
Monument Start Date : 1385
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 35109
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 464094
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : ViewFinder
External Cross Reference Number : NMR 4108/02
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : ViewFinder
External Cross Reference Number : NMR 4108/03
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1257222
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 65 SW 98
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1829-01-01
End Date : 1840-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1930-01-01
End Date : 1930-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER CRYPT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1930-01-01
End Date : 1930-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1967-01-01
End Date : 1967-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER: SOUTH-WEST TOWER
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MINSTER YARD CABLING
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER: NAVE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MINSTER YARD (RAMP ACCESS)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, NORTH CHOIR AISLE ROOF, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MINSTER GATES AND PARK OF MINSTER YARD
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, YORK MINSTER
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31