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Historic England Research Records

Slingsby Castle

Hob Uid: 58548
Location :
North Yorkshire
Ryedale
Slingsby
Grid Ref : SE6945074920
Summary : Ruins of country house built in the early 17th century for Sir Charles Cavendish, probably by John Smythson, on the site of an earlier building which was granted a licence to crenellate in 1344 and relicenced in 1474. The building is oblong in plan with corner projections, built of limestone with ashlar dressings. It was slighted during the Civil War. The remains of a moat survive as earthworks, though the east side is much mutilated and covered with allotments.
More information : SE 6961 7488. Slingsby Castle (NR) (remains of) (NAT). (1)

Slingsby Castle built in the early 17th century by Sir Charles
Cavendish on the site of an earlier structure mentioned circa 1345. A rectangular block with corner turrets, pedimented and mullioned windows. "Slighted" in the Civil War. Grade II. (2-3)

The remains of the castle are as described by previous authorities and there are no traces of the earlier structure referred to. A
massive ditch, probably the remains of a moat, 22m wide and 3.4m deep borders the castle on its west and north sides. This ditch is also evident on the east side, average 16m wide and 3m deep, but has been greatly infilled and mutilated by modern allotment gardens. In the south west corner the ditch has again been infilled but a depression 30m long, 16m wide and 1m deep continues around the south side before being totally destroyed by modern buildings. It seems probable, therefore, that the castle was ditched or moated on all four sides, although there is now no trace of an original breach, the two present approaches in the south and north east corner being modern constructions.

A hollow way on the west side is portrayed on Authority 1 and this may have indicated an approach to the castle, but this has now been ploughed out, only an 80m length of the east side now surviving. Published Survey (25") revised. (4)

The whole (of the masonry fabric) is in poor condition with further
possibilities of collapse. APs show what may be a second moated enclosure or a series of fishponds to the west of the castle at SE 6945 7495. (5-5a)

The north and west side of the moat described by authority 4 were mapped from good quality air photographs. The remaining sides were either masked by trees or had been built on. The hollow way also described forms the east of an asymmetric, polygonal enclosure, 210m by 130m, defined by 1 ditch and 1 bank on 4 sides, centred at SE 6945 7492. This was visible as an earthwork on early photography but has since been ploughed level and on some later photography it is visible as a cropmark. It may be Medieval or Post Medieval in date. The north side of this enclosure has a number of contemporary features attached to it. Two of them at SE 6956 7507 and SE 6949 7506 are possibly watercourses each defined by 1 ditch and two banks. The former survived as an earthwork on the latest photography. There are also a pair of parallel banks at SE 6945 7506, the function of which are unknown. They may form part of a water management system, with the watercourses to supply the moat. (Morph Nos. HH.73.23.1-5).

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database.
(6)

SE 696 748. Slingsby Castle. Scheduled no. NY/373. (7)

Listed by Cathcart King (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
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Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : MHLG (Prov HHR), Malton Rural District, October 1951, 8
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Greater medieval houses of England and Wales 1300-1500, volume 1 : northern England
Source details :
Page(s) : 421-422
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : History and topography of the city of York and the North Riding of Yorkshire : embracing a general review of the early history of Great Britain, and a general history and description of the county of York [2 volumes]
Source details : Whellan T, 1859, History and Topography of the City of York and the North Riding of Yorkshire, vol 2, p 864-865
Page(s) : 864-865
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : R Dodsworth, antiquary (1585-1654)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 SA, 01-DEC-1977
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mark Barratt/23-MAR-1995/RCHME/NYCC: Howardian Hills Project
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Source Number : 5a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs:TP0052/03 - 11-JUN-1975; TP0104/11,12 - 05-JUL-1976; DNR0981/03 - 10-JUL-1976; ANY083/02 - 04-MAR-1980; NMRSE6974/1-2 - 13-JUL-1974
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Source Number : 6
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Damian Grady/07-DEC-1993/RCHME: Howardian Hills Project
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : English Heritage, SAM List, North Yorkshire, March 1994, p 49
Page(s) : 49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 526
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Enclosure, Watercourse, Moat, Building
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licenced 1344
Monument End Date : 1344
Monument Start Date : 1344
Monument Type : House, Fortified House, Castle
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licenced 1474
Monument End Date : 1474
Monument Start Date : 1474
Monument Type : House, Fortified House, Castle
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Early C17
Monument End Date : 1632
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : HH.73.23
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 95678
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 396.02
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 396.03
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 396.04
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 373
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 329114
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 67 SE 12
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 67 SE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-12-01
End Date : 1977-12-01
Associated Activities : RCHME/NYCC: HOWARDIAN HILLS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-04-01
End Date : 1994-01-01
Associated Activities : INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14