HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Wressle Castle

Hob Uid: 59470
Location :
East Riding of Yorkshire
Wressle
Grid Ref : SE7066931630
Summary : Remains of a moated quadrangular castle constructed 1380-90, it fell into decay by 1537 and was largely demolished in 1650 by an act of parliament, except for the south range, which was occupied until 1796. The medieval moat survives as an earthwork, with some ruins of the castle still standing. Another moat lies to the north of the first moat, originally visible as an earthwork, but levelled and visible as a cropmark on later photography. There is some suggestion of internal features within the moated enclosure. The precise square form of this moated enclosure suggests it is a formal garden moat and terraced area. Scheduled.
More information : (SE 70683154) Wressle Castle (NR) (Remains of) Moat (NR) (1)

The house, known as Wressle Castle, was probably constructed about 1380-90 around a rectangular court, with a tower at each of the four angles and a large gateway tower. Later alterations were carried out. It began to fall into decay in 1537 and a large part was demolished by Act of Parliamnet in 1650. The S range was occupied until 1796 when it was burnt out. Traces of the moat can be seen. (2)

The structural remains of the castle are substantial. See G.Ps. The surrounding moat has been much mutilated and is best preserved on its N and W sides.
Published survey 25" revised. (3)

Published survey 25" revised. (4)

Ruins of Wressle Castle. Extensive ruins of a fine castle built for Thomas Percy Earl of Worcester who was taken prisoner at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 and afterwards beheaded. Main part consists of two great square towers and a central hall. In 1648 a great part of the castle was destroyed by order of Parliament, and in 1796 a fire burnt out the remaining part. Ancient Monument.

Small outbuilding adjoining Wressell Castle on the north. One storey. Arch etc. Very ruinous, pointed windows. Trees growing out of walls. Ancient Monument.

Ruined walling adjoining Wressell Castle on the east. C16? Red brick arch, perhaps a fireplace, with attached to it an apartment 4' in diameter lined in brick with doorway. Ancient Monument. (5)

Ground plan and perspective view from c1600 plans, originals of which are at Petworth House. (6)

Ruins of Wressle Castle, Grade I. The Bakehouse at Wressle Castle, Grade II* (see list for details). (7)

Additional reference. (8)

Double islanded, rectangular moat around house. (9)

Additional references. (10-11)

SE 707 316. Wressle Castle. Scheduled No HU/149. (12)

The moat described by the above authorities was visible on air photographs, but partially masked by trees. The unroofed castle building was not drawn for the Vale of York NMP. Another moat lies to the north of the first moat, originally visible as an earthwork, but levelled and visible as a cropmark on later photography. There is some suggestion of internal features within this moated enclosure. The precise square form of this moated enclosure suggests it is a formal garden moat and terraced area. Documentary evidence shows a map of 1610 with the area of the moat labelled 'new garden'.
(13-15)

Listed by Cathcart King. (16)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1938-50
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : (J Bilson)
Page(s) : 182-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22 - 1913
Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Illingworth J L 1938 Yorkshire's Ruined Castles pp144-5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details :
Page(s) : 7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE7031/23 CRA 7031/23 02-SEP-1989
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NOY ANY192/35 01-AUG-1984
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : The moated sites of Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 6
Figs. : 2A & 2B
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.5
Source Number :
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 528
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DS 04-DEC-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ISS 06-JAN-75
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : MHLG (Prov List) Howden R.D Yorks E.R Dec 1965 p22
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (D Neave)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 141 - 1984
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE Listed Buildings Borough of Boothferry, Humbs 15.9.87 pp106-7
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : A survey of archaeological sites in Humberside carried out for the Humberside Joint Archaeological Committee
Source details :
Page(s) : 45
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1979
Source Number : 9
Source : The moated sites of Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 117
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : NO.5 - 1973
Source Number : 10
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAMs 1988 Humberside p5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built
Monument End Date : 1390
Monument Start Date : 1380
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle, Moat, Angle Tower, Great Hall, Bakehouse
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : In decay 1537
Monument End Date : 1537
Monument Start Date : 1537
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : largely demolished 1650
Monument End Date : 1650
Monument Start Date : 1650
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : burnt 1796
Monument End Date : 1796
Monument Start Date : 1796
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HU 149
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 165374
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 95629
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 5416
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 2896
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 165373
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 165375
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 73 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, UNKNOWN
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 73 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-12-04
End Date : 1970-12-04
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 73 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-01-06
End Date : 1975-01-06
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE FARM, WRESSLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: VALE OF YORK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-06
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WRESSLE CASTLE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND SOUTH OF WRESSLE CASTLE
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT WRESSLE CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31