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Historic England Research Records

Northern Line

Hob Uid: 1309781
Location :
Greater London Authority
Hackney, Southwark, Wandsworth, Lambeth, Merton, City of Westminster, Camden, Islington, City and County of the City of London, Haringey, Barnet
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ2496096240
Summary : The basis of the Northern Line stems from the merger of the City and South London Railway and the Charing Cross and Hampstead Railway. The original section of the CSLR opened in 1890 and ran from King William Street, in the City, under the Thames to Stockwell. The CSLR was extended to Moorgate and Clapham Common in 1900, Angel in 1901, and Euston in 1907. The company, never financially robust, was taken over by the Underground Electric Railways in 1913, and the railway was absorbed into the Underground system by links to the Hampstead line. In 1926, a five-mile extension from Clapham Common to Morden, where the London County Council was to build a housing estate, opened. The Charing Cross and Hampstead Railway opened in 1907 and ran from the Strand at Charing Cross station via Euston to Archway, with a branch from Camden Town via Hampstead to Golders Green. The Hampstead line was extended to Hendon in 1923 and then Edgware in the following year. Also in 1924 a link was made to the CSLR at Euston and in 1926 a further link was provided with the CSLR at Kennington when it (CSLR) was extended to Morden. Around this time the CCHR absorbed the CSLR and was thereafter called the Edgware Highgate and Morden Line; it was renamed the Northern Line in 1937. Between 1939-41 a new link north of Highgate to join the London and North Eastern Railway branches to High Barnet and Edgware was brought into use.
More information :

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Oxford companion to British railway history from 1603 to the 1990s
Source details :
Page(s) : 294, 296, 298
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lee CE. 1967. Sixty Years of the Northern Line
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Croome DF and Jackson AA. 1993. Rails through the Clay
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Opened in 1890
Monument End Date : 1890
Monument Start Date : 1890
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extended 1900
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1900
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended in 1901
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Opened/Extended in 1907
Monument End Date : 1907
Monument Start Date : 1907
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended in 1923-4
Monument End Date : 1924
Monument Start Date : 1923
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended in 1926
Monument End Date : 1926
Monument Start Date : 1926
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended 1939-41
Monument End Date : 1941
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
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External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : LINEAR 570
External Cross Reference Notes :

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