HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1477851

Hob Uid: 1477851
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8105341307
Summary : Post medieval drainage ditches are visible forming an extensive system of earthworks on aerial photographs across the upper slopes of Elseworthy, Exmoor parish. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement, possibly associated with the construction of Tom's Hill Farm around 1850. Many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. Similar drainage systems are visible in the surrounding areas, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into contour leats. Many of the ditches appear to be associated with peat cutting, most of which may post-date the drains.
More information : A system of post medieval drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs, across the upper slopes of Elseworthy, Exmoor parish. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement, associated with the construction of Tom¿s Hill Farm around 1850. Centred approximately SS 80884134, this extensive drainage system covers an area of approximately 87 hectares. Orientated predominantly north-east to south-west, across the contours of Elseworthy, they were possibly intended to direct run off water towards Rams Combe and Sparcombe Water to the south and two unnamed tributaries to Long Combe to the north. Similar but even more extensive drainage systems are visible to the west towards Warren Farm, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into the various contour leats.
According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but this technique did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement.
Many of the drainage systems in this area appear to be associated with areas of peat cutting and particularly extensive pits can be seen to the south-west of this area of drainage. However, it is clear that the most extensive cuttings follow the line of the drains and it is probable these post-date the attempts at improvement and were opportunistically exploiting the abandoned excavations. (1-7).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3070 13-MAY-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 4192-3 13-MAY-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3162-4 11-APR-1947
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 939-40 29-APR-1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 942-3 29-APR-1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 979-80 29-APR-1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" London, Oxford University Press
Page(s) : 32-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Drain, Drainage System
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 18811
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 230
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1477817
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477856
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477860
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477882
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477888
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477889
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475743
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475726
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475739
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1041443
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01