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Historic England Research Records

Countess Close

Hob Uid: 61215
Location :
North Lincolnshire
Alkborough
Grid Ref : SE8798021640
Summary : The buried and earthwork remains of a fortified medieval manor house. The monument includes a main enclosure, defined by a bank and external moat ditch, with an annex or second enclosure on the south western side. The moat ditches were almost certainly dry moats and never water-filled. The bank and ditch between the main enclosure and the annex was levelled in 1965-6, but their position can be seen as soil marks and the course of the moat ditch is marked by a slight depression. The north eastern side is the best preserved section of bank and ditch. Here the moat ditch is up to 1.5 metres deep and measures up to 15 metres wide from the top of the internal bank to the outer lip of the ditch. The internal bank runs alongside the ditch and stands up to 3 metres above its base, 1.5 metres above the interior of the enclosure. On the north western side, the level of the interior rises so that there is only a slight bank when viewed from inside the enclosure. From the outside it appears to be up to 3 metres high with the moat ditch continuing with a low external bank. The level of the annex is generally about 0.2-0.3 metres below that of the main enclosure. It has a moat ditch on its north western side up to 2.5 metres deep and 6-8 metres wide with a 1 metre high bank defining its north western side. The main enclosure, which measures 80 metres by 90 metres internally, has a raised area on the western side. This is considered to be the building platform for the main hall.
More information : [SE 87982164] Countess Close EARTHWORK [G.T.] (1)

Rectangular enclosure (which was thought by de la Pryme and Stukeley to be Roman), probably marks the site of a mediaeval fortified dwelling.

It has been said that a Countess of Warwick lived here (a). (2)

Letter from Rev Cullis 1879, 8 openings were made in the area of Countess Close. One or two of these towards the SW angle of the enclose, where the surface was uneven, produced archstones and broken pottery (presumably all Md) Nothing else was found. Not a single trace of Roman occupation was seen and the conclusion must be that the feature is of a Medieval date. (3)

A sub-rectangular strongly defensive earthwork in a commanding position. It is not Ro.in construction, and the steepness of rampart profile and excellence of causeway substantiate the probable Medieval dating. (4)

The Southern bank of this earthwork has been levelled and the close ploughed. A few Medieval postsherds were found near the footpath on the west side. (5)

Countess Close. Medieval(?) earthwork; worked flint found after ploughing. (6)(7)(8)

SE 879 216. Earthwork in Countess Close. Scheduled No HU/179. (9)

The moated enclosure is partially visible as a cropmark on air photographs, but part of the enclosure is masked by tree cover.
(11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
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Source Number : 2
Source : Early Days in Northwest Lincolnshire
Source details : Dudley HE. 1949. Early Days in North West Lincolnshire, 171-3
Page(s) : 171-3
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 16-Apr-99
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Source Number : 11
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/7607 184 25-FEB-1976
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stukeley 96
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Fowler E. 1908. Between Trent and Anchilme, 268-70
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 10-MAY-64
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Early Medieval Archaeological Bulletin, 8, 1965, 21 (Russell RC and E)
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 30
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 7
Source : A survey of archaeological sites in Humberside carried out for the Humberside Joint Archaeological Committee
Source details :
Page(s) : 179-80
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Source Number : 8
Source : East Midland Archaeological bulletin
Source details : GC Knowles
Page(s) : 11, 37
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1974
Source Number : 9
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : Humberside
Page(s) : 23
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Moat, Fortified Manor House, Building Platform
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 44
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HU 179
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 179
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NL 179
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 32622
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LI 199
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 82 SE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, COUNTESS CLOSE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1879-01-01
End Date : 1879-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 82 SE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-05-10
End Date : 1964-05-10
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: VALE OF YORK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-06
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COUNTESS CLOSE EARTHWORK SITE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31