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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 616370

Hob Uid: 616370
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Combe Martin
Grid Ref : SS5932047060
Summary : A post medieval field system consisting of several field boundaries is visible as a series of earthworks on aerial photographs of the Knap Down area, Combe Martin. A less well preserved bank is also visible in an area of scrub and bracken to the north of Knap Down Lane.
More information : SS 594 470. Enclosure award (1864) for Knap Down in Devon Record Office (Above Grid Ref conjectural).

The area of Knap Down, enclosed by a yellow band on the accompanying map (3), is shown as open common land on the 1843 Tithe (4). Most of this area ie, that enclosed by a green band on map (3), was enclosed by the Combmartin (sic) Inclosure Award of 1871 (5) and is shown on the Combmartin Inclosure Map (6).
According to Beaumont (f) the Combmartin Inclosure Award was one of the last in Devon.

To the north of Knap Down Lane on a steep north facing slope is one large area of scrub and bracken apparently uncultivated however, some attempt may have been made at the time of the inclosure to subdivide this area, as evidenced by the slight remains of two fragmentary banks (See SS 54 NE 29). The area to the south of Knap Down Lane has been subdivided into some twenty, mainly strip fields. (1)

Several post medieval field boundaries are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of the Knap Down area, Combe Martin. The visible banks are centred at SS 5921 4699 and measure approximately 135 metres long, running north-south. They appear to be part of the enclosed land described by the authority above, laid out in 1871, but by 1955 have been removed to create larger fields. A less well preserved bank is also visible in an area of scrub and bracken to the north of Knap Down Lane. The second of the fragmentary banks mentioned above is not visible on aerial photographs. (9).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISS 19-MAY-1993
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Devon SMR SS54NE 33 12-Jan-1989
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Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1889 Devon 5:4 (Marked by Auth 1)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Combmartin Tithe Map 1843 Devon Rec Off (Ref I/S9A/7-(a)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Combmartin Inclosure Award 4-May-1871 Devon Rec Off Ref Q/RR1/25/G12 05
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Source Number : 6
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Combmartin Inclosure Map, Knap Down, 1866 Devon Record Off Ref I/S10/11-12c
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : "Tithes & Enclosures" in Out of the World and into Combe Martin. Combe Martin Local History Group 1989 (M Beaumont)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field report on SS 54 NE 35 - 19-MAY-1993
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 82/1281 (F21) 0049 29-AUG-1955
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Field System, Bank (Earthwork)
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 21023
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 54 NE 35
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION SS 54 NE 35
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1993-05-19
End Date : 1993-05-19
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01