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Kirby Muxloe Castle

Hob Uid: 618387
Location :
Leicestershire
Blaby
Kirby Muxloe
Grid Ref : SK5234004560
Summary : The standing and buried remains of a quadrangular castle and its associated leat and outlet channel. The manor of Kirby Muxloe was owned by the Pakeman family during the 14th century and the foundations of the hall of their stone-built manor house, constructed within a moat, are visible in the courtyard of the quadrangular castle which replaced it in the 15th century. In circa 1460 Kirby Muxloe Castle passed to the Hastings family through inheritance. Although a licence to crenellate was obtained in 1474, work did not begin at Kirby Muxloe until 1480. The earlier hall was initially retained but demolished later in order to use the stone for the foundations of the new buildings. In 1483, following the death of Edward IV, William Hastings was beheaded by the new monarch, Richard III, at which time Kirby Muxloe Castle stood incomplete and the site was abandoned shortly afterwards. The external dimensions of the site are 110 metres north east-south west by 90 metres north west-south east. The waterfilled moat arms are up to 21 metres wide and the inner face is revetted in brick. The moat is fed by a 110 metre long leat which connects with the stream to the south of the castle. The moated island is rectangular in plan and measures 80 metres by 60 metres. Although Kirby Muxloe Castle was never completed, the standing remains provide evidence for the layout of the site. Most of the foundations had been laid, the gatehouse largely built, and the western tower wholly built when work was brought to an abrupt halt by the execution of the owner. Except for the stone dressings, it has been constructed throughout in brick and is one of a group of early brick buildings in the Midlands. It is clear from accounts of the time that the towers were intended to carry artillery. During a restoration of 1911-13, the foundations were consolidated, the moat re-cut, and a replica bridge was built. The bridge was repaired in 2006.
More information : (SK 5234 0456) Kirby Castle (remains of) (1)

Full description and plans (2)

As described. Published survey 1/2500 correct. (3)

Kirby Muxloe Castle, a fortified manor house (4) or quadrangular castle, largely in brick, was built for Lord Hastings in 1480 but incomplete and abandoned after the beheading of the owner in 1483. Only the south-western tower and gatehouse were completed. A pre-existing 14th century moated house on the site was initially retained but demolished later to use the stone for the new buildings. The waterfilled moat arms are up to 21m wide and the inner face is brick revetted; the remains of an oak bridge were found in the north-west arm. The moat was fed by a 110m long leat which connected with a stream and the outlet channel was visible in the north-western part of the site. Beyond the south-western arm, ground undulations were thought to represent the site of a building. Apart from the gatehouse and the south-west tower the only remains standing fairly high is the short stretch of wall north-east of the gatehouse; the rest survives to a few courses high. In the care of the Secretary of State.

The standing and buried remains of a quadrangular castle and its associated leat and outlet channel. The manor of Kirby Muxloe was owned by the Pakeman family during the 14th century and the foundations of the hall of their stone-built manor house, constructed within a moat, are visible in the courtyard of the quadrangular castle which replaced it in the 15th century. The foundations of the buttery, pantry and passage to the kitchen remain visible. In circa 1460 Kirby Muxloe Castle passed to the Hastings family through inheritance. Sir William Hastings undertook extensive building programmes at his residences in Leicestershire. Although a licence to crenellate was obtained in 1474, work did not begin at Kirby Muxloe until 1480. The earlier hall was initially retained but demolished later in order to use the stone for the foundations of the new buildings. In 1483, following the death of Edward IV, William Hastings was beheaded by the new monarch, Richard III, at which time Kirby Muxloe Castle stood incomplete and the site was abandoned shortly afterwards. The external dimensions of the site are 110 metres north east-south west by 90 metres north west-south east. The waterfilled moat arms are up to 21 metres wide and the inner face is revetted in brick. The moated island is rectangular in plan and measures 80 metres by 60 metres. Although Kirby Muxloe Castle was never completed, the standing remains provide evidence for the layout of the site. Most of the foundations had been laid, the gatehouse largely built, and the western tower wholly built when work was brought to an abrupt halt by the execution of the owner. Except for the stone dressings, it has been constructed throughout in brick and is one of a group of early brick buildings in the Midlands. It is clear from accounts of the time that the towers were intended to carry artillery. (4-5)

Additional references. (6-8)

Listed by Cathcart King. (9)

During a restoration of 1911-13, the moat was re-cut and a medieval timber bridge which led to the gatehouse was discovered. The site was also stripped of later additions which related to its use as a farm yard and the foundations of the castle were consolidated. At the same time a replica of the medieval bridge was built, giving access to the castle, and this was repaired during the 2006 restoration programme. See source for photographs and a plan of the castle. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1967
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ministry of Works. 1957. Guide - Kirby Muxloe Castle (Sir Charles Peers)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : J Baird/22-FEB-1972/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
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Source Number : 4
Source : Leicestershire and Rutland
Source details :
Page(s) : 192-4
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 09-May-96
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Source Number : 6
Source : Kirby Muxloe Castle, Leicestershire
Source details :
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Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Balby, 23-FEB-1987
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Source Number : 8
Source : Ordnance Survey guide to castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 136
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Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 254
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Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 10
Source : Ashby de la Zouch Castle and Kirby Muxloe Castle
Source details :
Page(s) : 19-19
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built C14
Monument End Date : 1400
Monument Start Date : 1301
Monument Type : Manor House, Moat, Buttery
Evidence : Demolished Building, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1480 to 1483
Monument End Date : 1483
Monument Start Date : 1480
Monument Type : Leat, Gatehouse, Quadrangular Castle, Interval Tower, Angle Tower, Artillery Tower
Evidence : Earthwork, Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Early 20th Century
Display Date : Restored 1911-13
Monument End Date : 1913
Monument Start Date : 1911
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : 21st Century
Display Date : Restored 2006
Monument End Date : 2006
Monument Start Date : 2006
Monument Type : Bridge
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 17114
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 188965
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 63
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1177213
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1013323
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 50 SW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, KIRBY MUXLOE CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31