HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Great Barrow

Hob Uid: 621861
Location :
Dorset
Woodlands
Grid Ref : SU0254010280
Summary : A large round barrow or mound, part of a major monument complex at Knowlton and of probable Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age date. Described in the RCHME Dorset Inventory as comprising a mound 135 feet in diameter and 21 feet high, surrounded by two concentric ditches, both largely levelled by ploughing. The inner ditch is separated from the base of the mound by a berm circa 15 feet across. The outer ditch is around 400 feet in diameter and about 35 feet wide. The air photo published by RCHME appears to show a distinct entrance causeway through the outer ditch on the northeast, althuogh the transcription shows it as a continuous feature. A pipe trench cut in July 1958 ran in a southwest-northeast direction, passing southeast of the mound but cutting across the outer ditch in two places. The pipe trench was fairly shallow in relation to the ditch, so a trial trench was excavated beside the pipe trench at the point where the latter crossed the south-southwest part of the barrow ditch. Constraints of time and space appear to have prevented a complete section being excavated. However, the ditch was shown to be 5.5 feet deep below the modern ground surface, and to be flat-bottomed. A sequence of fills was described briefly by the excavator. No artefacts were recovered. The barrow has been mapped from aerial photographs by EH's Knowlton Circles Project.
More information : SU 02541028 Great Barrow (NR) (1)

Great Barrow (SU 02541028) a large mound 135ft in diameter and 21ft high encircled by twin ditches. The inner ditch is separated from the mound by a berm c15ft across. The outer ditch is 35ft wide, 5 1/2ft deep (a) and is 400ft in diameter. (2)

This is the largest round barrow in Dorset. Comparison to other such sites within Wessex gives it a possible Late Neolithic date. (3)

The 'Great Barrow'. The barrow mound is 40 metres in diameter and about 3 metres high. It is surrounded by two concentric ditches, visible on aerial photographs. Scheduling amended. (4)

The barrow has been mapped from aerial photographs by EH's Knowlton Circles Project. (5-7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10560 1963
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume five : east Dorset
Source details :
Page(s) : 116
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details : Field, NH. Discoveries at the Knowlton Circles, Woodlands, Dorset.
Page(s) : 117-124
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 84, 1962
Source Number : 3
Source : Landscape, monuments and society : the prehistory of Cranborne Chase
Source details :
Page(s) : 108
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : EH Scheduling amendment, 05-JUL-2002
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 0210/6 (NMR 290/107) 26-JUN-1970
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 0210/72 (NMR 15314/09) 13-JUL-1995
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 0210/65-7 (NMR 15326/05-7) 13-JUL-1995
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 18
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 35209
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1020580
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 01 SW 106
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 213817
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409766
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409817
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409850
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409899
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409900
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409914
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409916
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409952
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409959
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409963
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: KNOWLTON, DORSET
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2000-11-27
End Date : 2001-02-09