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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 63693

Hob Uid: 63693
Location :
North Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire
Winterton
Grid Ref : SE9096017990
Summary : A Roman villa and field system. Excavations of this Roman villa have uncovered three circular huts followed by a group of 2nd-4th cent. AD stone built aisled houses arranged round a yard; one winged corridor building and a circular building. The field system was seen as cropmarks.
More information : [SE 9104 1813] Roman Villa [G.S.] (site of) (1)

Originally built, at least in part, in the second century, and reconstructed in the fourth. Four pavements, two bath-suites, etc. discovered. A large number of associated finds includes coins (Vespasian to Constantine). Excavated several times between 1748 (after first discovery of the pavement in 1747) and 1961. Cropmarks of the villa seen from the air by J.T. Hayes in 1960 [at SE 90941796] (10). (1-10)

Scunthorpe Museum hold a large collection of material from this villa including pottery, coins, glass and a pavement. A pavement is also held by the Lower Hall Scunthorpe and is in the main foyer. The site is under crop, a later excavation is scheduled for August of this year. (11)

Further excavations by Mr.I.M. Stead for the M.O.W. found a large circular building, possibly a temple, with a concrete floor and the footings of four pillars, each 6ft. by 4ft., which supported the roof. Since 1958 excavations have uncovered three sides of a courtyard 300ft. across. On the north side an aisled building, 155ft. long by 55ft., houses livestock, and contained three bath suites. On the opposite side was a 100ft. building housing a granary, corn-drying kiln, domestic and live-stock quarters. Five mosaics were found. The centre range of buildings and four more mosaics have been much mutilated by ploughing. (12)

Interim excavation report. (13)

HU 24 Excavations in advance of quarrying began under I M Stead in 1958 and are continuing under R Goodburn. These revealed the foundations of three circular huts with post-holes followed by a group of second to fourth century AD stone-built aisled houses arranged round three sides of a yard. One winged-corridor building and a stone circular building. The famous Orpheus mosaic came from this site. A field system is also being examined. (14)

Cropmarks show the villa site and regular field enclosure systems. (15)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956.
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trollope E 1872 Sleaford, Flaxwell and Aswardhurn p60
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Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FC 19-MAY-64
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Source Number : 12
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Daily Telegraph 8.10.64 p26 (F.W. Perfect)
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Source Number : 13
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Antiquaries J 46 1966 pp72-84 plate (I.M. Stead)
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Source Number : 14
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 101
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Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 14a
Source : Excavations at Winterton Roman villa and other Roman sites in north Lincolnshire, 1958-1967
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Source Number : 15
Source : A survey of archaeological sites in Humberside carried out for the Humberside Joint Archaeological Committee
Source details :
Page(s) : 223
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dudley H E 1949 Early days in North West Lincolnshire pp131-7 illus
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J Roman Studies 49 1959 p109
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J Roman Studies 50 1960 p221
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J Roman Studies 51 1961 p171
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J Roman Studies 52 1962 p167
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : AO/C/M. 17B. M.o.W. Rescue Excavations Jan 1962 p3
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS Roman Britain Map 3rd Ed 1956 p33
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Corr. 6" (F.T. Baker Undtd)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Round House (Domestic)
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Field System
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 2103
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 91 NW 14
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 63708
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : WINTERTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1747-01-01
End Date : 1747-12-31
Associated Activities : WINTERTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1797-01-01
End Date : 1797-12-31
Associated Activities : WINTERTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1958-01-01
End Date : 1967-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 91 NW 14
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-05-19
End Date : 1964-05-19
Associated Activities : WINTERTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1968-12-31
Associated Activities : WINTERTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31