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Historic England Research Records

Temple Garth

Hob Uid: 64302
Location :
East Riding of Yorkshire
Etton
Grid Ref : SE9740043600
Summary : Earthwork remains of a medieval site, initially a grange of the Knights Templars and later a manor of the Knights Hospitallers. The area is rectangular and enclosed by a bank. Excavation of the site has revealed a number of phases of occupation. Features dating from the earliest period include cobbled roadways, granaries, a central hall and a brewhouse along with a coin which dates this phase to the mid 13th century. The site appears to have been abandoned between 1307 and 1317, when a second phase of activity began with more roadways and granaries, a hall, brewhouse and kitchen. This phase dates to the early 14th century and it is at this time that the enclosing bank was constructed around the site.
More information : (SE 974437) Temple Garth (NAT) (1)

A rectangular earthwork 500 ft N-S by 275 ft at SE 975436 and excavated by W J Varley(2). It was initially a manor of the Knights Templars within the preceptory of Faxfleet on the Humber, passing to the Crown in 1307. By 1324 it was in the custody of the Knights Hospitallers until the Dissolution.

The site was enclosed within a clay bank in the early 14th century. Excavations in the interior revealed cobbled-chalk roadways serving long granaries, external gullies and a brewhouse, etc. A coin of Henry III dated 1248-50, was sealed in one of the roadways, and an ash-pit yielded a late 13th century jug. (2-3)

Well defined on RAF APs at SE 974436. (4)

The eastern side of the earthwork survives as a strong earthen bank parallel to the existing field boundary. There are, however, only traces of the remainder, and the whole is not representative. The original enclosed area is part rough pasture and part arable, the former is 'hummocky' but no evidence of the manor is apparent. (5)

SE 974 437. Earthworks in 'Temples' Field. Scheduled No HU/189. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1855
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 204-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1966
Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 170-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12, 1968
Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : CPE/UK 1834/3097-8 13.11.46
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RE 06-NOV-72
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Humbs March 1994 5
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Source Number : 7
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 307
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Source Number : 8
Source : A survey of archaeological sites in Humberside carried out for the Humberside Joint Archaeological Committee
Source details :
Page(s) : 28-Sep
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mid C13
Monument End Date : 1266
Monument Start Date : 1233
Monument Type : Templars Camera, Templars Grange, Granary, Road, Hall House, Brewhouse
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1317-1536
Monument End Date : 1536
Monument Start Date : 1317
Monument Type : Hospitallers Camera, Hospitallers Preceptory, Granary, Road, Brewhouse, Hall House, Kitchen, Boundary Bank
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Templars Camera, Templars Grange, Granary, Road, Hall House, Brewhouse
Object Type : COIN
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HU 189
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 753
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 94 SE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, TEMPLE GARTH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1965-01-01
End Date : 1967-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 94 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-11-06
End Date : 1972-11-06
Associated Activities : Primary, KNIGHTS HOSPITALLERS, TEMPLE GARTH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31