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Historic England Research Records

Weaverthorpe

Hob Uid: 64897
Location :
North Yorkshire
Ryedale
Weaverthorpe
Grid Ref : SE9670071100
Summary : Shrunken Medieval village, in part still extant as earthworks, including a manorial site which was excavated in 1951 revealing the remains of a thirteenth century hall. A Roman pit and Early Medieval Stamford ware were also uncovered. A Roman coin and pottery were found in redeposited contexts. Scheduled.
More information : (SE 967711) Earthwork (NR). (1)

Excavations by T C M Brewster for MOW on part of the manorial
site affected by the extension of St Andrew's churchyard (SE
967711) uncovered two large buildings, a Roman pit, remains of
garth walls, an oval enclosure later than the 14th century, an
oval pit containing Stamford ware, and the remains of several
small buildings. The large hall and associated rooms, was 64 ft
by 26 ft and constructed of chalk walls 2 ft thick. Ceramic and
documentary evidence show that it was constructed in the early
13th century and abandoned by about 1356.
The second structure of the 12th century was 57ft by 28 ft with
4 1/2 ft thick chalk-slab walls laid in herringbone style. An
eroded Roman coin, RB potsherds, and pustular ware sherds were
found in the wall-bonding. (2)

DMV at Weaverthorpe, excavated in 1951 by D Smith and R H Hayes. (3)

The earthwork encloses two contiguous sub-rectangular areas, the
western approximately 80.0m x 130.0m and the eastern 50.0m x
120.0m.
The western enclosures originally consisted of a bank with an
outer ditch which is still evident on the W. S and part of the E
sides. The bank of the eastern enclosure crosses the ditch at
the SE angle, evidence that the western enclosure was the
primary feature.
The eastern enclosure was also originally contained by a bank,
but on the E side this has been reduced to an outward facing
scarp. In addition it also has an external ditch along the S
side. The primary enclosure clearly pre-dates the manor complex,
the slight visible remains of which overlie the northern part of
its E side.
Despite its Roman characteristics Brewster postulates an
immediate post-conquest date on ceramic evidence from the
primary silting of the ditch. The Roman finds from the site he
attributes to RB settlement of which no surface indications
remain.
Resurveyed at 1:2500
Mr R H Hayes confirms that in 1951 (See Authority 3) during the
Roman excavations at Norton ER, he and D Smith sectioned the
bank and ditch of the primary earthwork at the above site in an
attempt to establish whether or not it was Roman in origin. This
section, which proved to be inconclusive, was the only work
done at that time. (4)

Excavation at Weaverthorpe Manor, 1960. (Full report).
Plan. (5)

SE 966 710. Medieval manor site. Scheduled no. NY/321. (6)

In addition to the manorial earthwork enclosures, air photographs taken in 1997 show probable Medieval village earthworks situated to the south-west of Grits Farm and centred at SE 972 707. These include boundaries, ridge and furrow and corresponding headlands. At least one potential enclosure/house site is visible at SE 9715 7080.

Further banks, probably representing old boundaries, are visible at SE 9641 7092. Also, ridge and furrow showing as cropmarks is visible at SE 971 705. (7-7a)

A small area of poorly defined rectilinear cropmarks was photographed at SE 9713 7061 in 1999. These look like enclosures and may be associated with the medieval village. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : (T C M Brewster)
Page(s) : 328-29
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The archaeological news letter
Source details : (J G Hurst)
Page(s) : 192
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1953
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DS 13-JUN-1972
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : (T C M Brewster)
Page(s) : 114-133
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 44 - 1972
Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage, SAM List, North Yorkshire, March 1994, p 53.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : RCHME Aerial Reconnaissance/07-NOV-1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE 9770/14-17; SE 9670/24-29; SE 9671/22-23 (NMR 17048/15-20; 17058/1-6)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR TA 9770/21 (17363/2) 30-JUL-1999
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Pit
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Late Saxon
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 870
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 12th century
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Structure
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1356
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Manor, Shrunken Village
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Pit
Object Type : COIN, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 321
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 97 SE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WEAVERTHORPE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1951-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WEAVERTHORPE MANOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1960-01-01
End Date : 1960-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 97 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-06-13
End Date : 1972-06-13
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE (NORTH): 1997/8
Activity type : AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE
Start Date : 1997-04-01
End Date : 1998-03-31
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE (NORTH): 1999/00
Activity type : AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE
Start Date : 1999-04-01
End Date : 2000-03-31