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St Peters Church

Hob Uid: 65824
Location :
North Yorkshire
Scarborough
Hackness
Grid Ref : SE9691290557
Summary : The chancel arch is 11th century or earlier; early 12th century south arcade; late 12th century north arcade, tower and tower arch; 15th century spire, chancel, clerestorey, battlements and gables; early 17th century vestry and window to north chapel. There is a late 7th-8th century grave marker located in the north side of the chancel. (see SE99SE26 for the Anglian cross in the south aisle). This may have been the site of the community of nuns, who had a church and dormitory at Hackness, recorded by Bede.
More information : [SE 96919055] St Peter's Church (C of E) [NAT] (1)

Grade C Church of St Peter.
The nave and chancel arch are Saxon. The south arcade is c.1150 and
the north c.1200 as in the tower. The chancel was mostly rebuilt
and the spire and clerestory added in 15th c. The north vestry on a
crypt is probably 16th c. The roofs are 19th c. Notable remains of
Saxon inscribed and carved cross. In the chancel are 14 stalls with
eight carved misericords of 15th c. Lofty late 15th c font cover.
Pulpit 17th c. Several interesting mural monuments. (2)

Church of St Peter (3) one of three churches at Hackness mentioned in
Domesday (1086) has its earliest feature, a chancel arch and interlacecarving on the north impost, dated with some certainty to the second
half of the 8th century by Baldwin Brown. Taylor and Taylor, althoughaccepting the possibility that the impost may have been reused from
an earlier building and that the chancel arch was later, were
influenced by Baldwin Brown's evidence that there were no late - Saxonfeatures in the church, and thought it reasonable to assign the nave
(i.e. chancel arch and south wall with blocked windows, cut by the
later Norman arcade) to the period 800-850 AD. Pevsner however was
more convinced with Bilson's 11th century date for the impost carving.There were conflicting views on the dedication of the existing church.The present patronage is to St Peter but Clapham (8,9) refers to the
church as St Mary the Virgin. The Ordnance Survey amended the
dedication from St Peter (on OS 25' 1887) to St Mary in 1910 (10) and
on the subsequent editions of the OS 25' plans, 1912 and 1928.
Revision of the OS 25' 1973 reinstated the dedication to St Peter.(11)The confusion may arise from the fact that William de Percy granted
to Serlo, Prior of Whitby (see NZ 91 SW 10), the churches of St Mary
(SE 99 SE 52) and St Peter at Hackness circa 1091-2; St Peter's being
where the Benedictine monks of Whitby 'serve God, die and are buried'
during their temporary migration to Hackness at the end of the 11th
century (see SE 99 SE 45). St Peter's Church contains no monastic
features, however, and there is no reason to suggest that the monks
ever built a church here during their migration period. The
indication is that they conducted divine service in one of the then
existing parachial churches here, presumably St Peter's (7) (For 9th
century cross fragments in church see SE 99 SE 26) plan (5).
(3-12)

There is a late 7th-8th century grave marker located in the north side of the chancel. (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE(HHR) Scarborough RD Yorks NR Aug 1966 8
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : AW Clapham
Page(s) : 82
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 105, 1948
Source Number : 10
Source : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Object Name Book reference
Source details : ONB Yorks 77 SW Rev 1910 and 1926 21
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10c
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter (Rev C Johnstone 07.10.1910)
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10d
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Inf Diocesan Calendar 1910 Census Returns and Kelly's County Directory 1905
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 11
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" ONB SE 9690-9790 1973 11
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 54,67
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Corpus of Anglo-Saxon stone sculpture, volume 3 : York and eastern Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 141
Figs. :
Plates : 471-3
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Churches of St Peter, Hackness (official guide) 7th Ed 1968 (Rec WHJ Mercer)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : The arts in early England, volume 2. Anglo-Saxon architecture
Source details :
Page(s) : 204
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Anglo-Saxon architecture : volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) : 268-70
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Yorkshire, the North Riding
Source details :
Page(s) : 180
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : A Hamilton Thompson; J Bilson
Page(s) : 388-405,406-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Whitby Chartulary 1 and 2 1-7 (passim) (Surtees Soc No 69)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Early Yorks Charters 2 197-200 (W Farrer)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, North Riding, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 530-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C11
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 1001
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Late C7-C8
Monument End Date : 800
Monument Start Date : 667
Monument Type : Gravestone, Nunnery
Evidence : Architectural Component, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C11
Monument End Date : 1100
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Altered
Monument End Date : 1132
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Altered
Monument End Date : 1200
Monument Start Date : 1166
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Altered
Monument End Date : 1500
Monument Start Date : 1401
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered
Monument End Date : 1632
Monument Start Date : 1601
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered
Monument End Date : 1870
Monument Start Date : 1870
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Gravestone, Nunnery
Object Type :
Object Material : Sandstone

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 95435
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 327376
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1296564
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 99 SE 64
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 65750
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SURVEY BY SYDNEY DECIMUS KITSON
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :