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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 66473

Hob Uid: 66473
Location :
Shropshire
Alberbury with Cardeston
Grid Ref : SJ3925015178
Summary : Medieval motte and bailey castle surviving as an earthwork. Foundations and stonework on motte probably belonging to a 12th century stone keep. Possibly rebuilt in 1220. The flat-topped, steep-sided oval motte stands about 9.0m high, measuring approximately 45m by 60m across at its base, and 12 by 6.0m across at the top. It is surrounded by a ditch on all sides apart from but the North side. The bailey, to the North-East of the motte, is 40m by 65m. It was used as an observation post or light anti-aircraft battery in World War II. Scheduled.
More information : (SJ 393151) Motte & Bailey (NR). (1)

The Motte on the south side of the Severn at Little Shrawardine stands fifty feet above the river and thirty feet above ground level. The bailey, which lies to the north-east of the motte, consists of a quadrangular plateau four foot above general ground level on the south-east, but descending by a steep escarpment to the river on the north-west side. A rampart remains on the southern angle and south-east side, and the ditch between the motte and bailey has been utilized by a rough road leading down to the river. (2)

The motte and bailey existed before 1165, as expenditure on repairs is recorded after 1165 and it was rebuilt in 1220. There are fragments of a square keep on the motte, mainly rubble, apart from an ashlar face with a partly buried relieving arch. Both this and other stonework found on the site may be 12th century. (3)

SJ 39251517. No change. Published survey 25" revised. (4)

SJ 393152, SJ 392151. Little Shrawardine motte and bailey castle. Scheduled. (5)

Additional reference. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
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Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of Shropshire: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 390
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Norman Castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 311
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1968
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MHB 17-APR-72
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Salop March 1994 11
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 07-Jun-00
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 420
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12 and 13
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Keep
Evidence : Earthwork, Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : World War II
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Observation Post
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Observation Post, Light Anti Aircraft Battery
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : Salop 274
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 32330
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 31 NE 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 31 NE 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-04-17
End Date : 1972-04-17