HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 67427

Hob Uid: 67427
Location :
Liverpool
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SJ3970093480
Summary : Motte and bailey castle, identified through excavation in 1927 and 1956-7. The castle was built circa 1100 by Roger de Poitou and repaired between 1197 and 1202. It was abandoned by 1297 and levelled in 1817. A 14th or 15th century house, built over the infilled ditch was also identified. A possible early mill site was identified during the excavations. Only faint earthwork traces now survive of this castle. Scheduled.
More information : (SJ 39709348) Castle (NR) (Site of) (1)

Only faint traces remain of the once important little castle. A circular depression marks the site of the moat around the castle mount. To the SW a contiguous elevated area is the interior of the bailey, which is encircled by a depression some 2 to 3 feet deep which is the course of the fosse. Circa 1817 the Lord of the Manor Mr Gascoigne, had the castle mount and bailey levelled by filling in the fosses; but their positions are still discernible. The Castle fell into disuse about the middle of the 13th century and never attained walls of masonry, and was probably only in use for some 180 to 190 years. (2)

The castle site is now under cultivation as allotment gardens, but the slopes shown on the OS 6" are still visible as a slight dip in the surface. The road which partly surrounds the site is named as Castlesite Road. (3)

SJ 397934 (5): The Castle site was excavated by Professor J P Droop in July-August 1927. Trenches were dug across the dividing ditch between the motte and bailey and across the bailey ditch. The first trench revealed that the dividing ditch was in fact two 'V' shaped ditches with a central 'island'. The other ditch showed that the banks on the sides of the bailey ditch had been artificially raised. Also a 3m 'square' oak beam framework was uncovered at the bottom of the ditch. S E Rigold in discussing the excavation identifies the oakbeam structure as a short bridge at the entrance across the bailey. (4-5)

Excavations on the site of West Derby motte and bailey revealed a substantial shallow negative feature running E-W, at least 26m long and 8m wide, this may have been associated with the motte ditch or an early mill site. In the 14th or 15th century a house with hearth and partition, remodelled with a stone fireplace or ?chimney, was built over the infilled ditch. (6)

West Derby motte and bailey castle. Built c1100 AD by Roger de Poitou and subjected to repairs in 1197 and 1202. Between 1199 and 1216 it was known to have been defended by 140 footman and 10 knights and crossbowmen. Between 1218 and 1227 considerable expenditure was incurred by repairs to the drawbridge and garrison quarters in the bailey. The castle was abandoned by 1297 and levelled in 1817.
Scheduled. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov Edn 1925-38
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 543-45
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JHO 23-AUG-51
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details :
Page(s) : 240
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Aug-28
Source Number : 5
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : (S E Rigold)
Page(s) : 64-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19 - 1975
Source Number : 5a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Univ Liverpool Annals of Arch and Anthropology XV 1928 47-55
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : (Gainster et al)
Page(s) : 202
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 34 - 1990
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage SAM Amendment 16-Mar-1992
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : abandoned by 1297
Monument End Date : 1297
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : built circa 1100
Monument End Date : 1110
Monument Start Date : 1090
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : repaired
Monument End Date : 1202
Monument Start Date : 1197
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Possibly C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Mill
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14 or 15
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : levelled
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1817
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13513
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 39 SE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST DERBY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1927-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 39 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1951-08-23
End Date : 1951-08-23
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST DERBY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1956-01-01
End Date : 1957-12-31