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Historic England Research Records

Liverpool Castle

Hob Uid: 67505
Location :
Liverpool
Liverpool
Liverpool
Grid Ref : SJ3426090270
Summary : Castle, mentioned in a document of 1347 as being moated with four towers. During the civil war it was occupied by the Royalists in 1643 and in 1659 Parliament ordered it to be demolished. but only the gatehouse and parts of the walls were pulled down. The castle was completely demolished in 1725 for the construction of St George's church, which has also since been demolished. The North and West sections of the moat were located during building work in the 1920s. A tunnel was also located which may have connected with a tower on the shore (SJ 39 SW 5).
More information : (SJ34269027) (1) Site of Castle (NR) (a). (1)

Liverpool Castle is first mentioned in 1347 among the estates of the honour of Lancaster as being moated with four towers. During the Civil War it was occupied by the Royalists in 1643, and in 1659 Parliament ordered it to be demolished. But only the gatehouse and part of the walls were pulled down. In 1725 the castle was completely demolished for the construction of St George's Church, which has since been demolished. (2)

Full and detailed architectural description of the castle with plans. (3)

In 1927 during the excavations for a public convenience in Derby
Square NW of the Queen Victoria Memorial, the west moat was found.

The north moat was found during the excavations for the now (1928) Midland and National Provincial Banks. Some twenty feet from the SW corner of the latter Bank a subterranean tunnel running in a southerly direction below James Street was found. It is probable that the tunnel connected the moat or ditch with the old tower or some defences on the shore. A sewer has now been constructed along the tunnel. (4)

Listed by Cathcart King as a vanished castle built in the early 13th century. (5)

A castle was built at Liverpool early in the reign of Henry III, probably by William de Ferrers. It became a Lancastrian possession and thence a royal castle in 1399. There are references to a gateway, curtain wall, chapel and interval tower or angle tower in the 15th century. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1924
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1a
Source : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Object Name Book reference
Source details : ONB Lancs 106 SW, 1924, 249..
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details : (H Fishwick).
Page(s) : 61-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19 - 1901
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details : (E W Cox).
Page(s) : 195-254
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 42 - 1890
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details : (F C Larkin)
Page(s) : 175-97
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 79 - 1927
Source Number : 5
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 248
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 6
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 2 : the Middle Ages
Source details :
Page(s) : 706
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built circa 1216-32
Monument End Date : 1232
Monument Start Date : 1216
Monument Type : Castle, Moat
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Documented c15
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1400
Monument Type : Castle, Curtain Wall, Angle Tower, Interval Tower, Domestic Chapel, Gatehouse
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : partly demolished
Monument End Date : 1659
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : completely demolished
Monument End Date : 1725
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Destroyed Monument

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 39 SW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : DERBY SQUARE/ST GEORGE'S CHURCH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1927-12-31