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Historic England Research Records

Knighton

Hob Uid: 213938
Location :
Wiltshire
Broad Chalke
Grid Ref : SU0520025300
Summary : Shrunken medieval settlement earthworks.
More information : 052254: Deserted Medieval Village at Knighton.
(Nothing visible on air-photographs, RAF 1946). (1)

No pattern of settlement visible on the ground. (2)

The earthworks at Knighton were surveyed by staff of RCHME Salisbury office as part of a project focussing on the earthworks of South Wiltshire. The following is abstracted from the detailed archive report:

The medieval and post medieval earthworks around Knighton Farm were surveyed in June 1986. They lie in the parish of Broadchalke, N of the River Ebble on Valley Alluvium. The somewhat confused eartwhorks represent the remains of a linear settlement overlying earlier fields. Later activity in the area, most notably at the W end, has damaged the earthworks, and they are truncated on their N side by the well-preserved remains of a water channel associated with the post medieval mill. The settlement traces represent the remains of between eight and ten properties along the N side of the present road. The fragmentary remains of further properties S of the road may be confused among the poorly preserved remains of earlier fields. A substantial mound in the NE corner of the surveyed area is clearly the site of a major structure, reputedly a chapel. The earthworks are bounded on their S and W by a substantial lynchet and on their N by a water channel serving the nearby post medieval mill. The archive report contains a detailed description of all the surveyed earthworks and a summary of the known history of the settlement. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DMV Res Gp 9th AR 1961 app B2
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 PAS 22-AUG-74
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation 30-JAN-1992 (CR Lewis)
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Source : Knighton SMV/pencil survey
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Source : Knighton shrunken medieval hamlet/report
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Source : Knighton SMV/survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Shrunken Village
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 400
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 02 NE 29
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SOUTH WILTSHIRE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, KNIGHTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1950-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 02 NE 29
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-08-22
End Date : 1974-08-22