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Historic England Research Records

Cressing Temple Granary

Hob Uid: 1526965
Location :
Essex
Braintree
Cressing
Grid Ref : TL7991218632
Summary : The late 16th century timber framed granary and stable block (also known as the 'Old Court Room' due to its later use) at Cressing Temple. Documentary evidence indicates that in the 17th century there was a malthouse on the site and in 1623, four bays of the upper floor at the south-west end were converted for use as a court room. The Walled Garden also dates from this period.One of the earliest known malthouses in Essex, it forms part of a nationally important medieval farmstead. It lies on the south side of the site and is weatherboarded at ground floor level with rendering above. The building is of two storeys, 10 bays, and has a steeply pitched clay tile roof with two gables on the west wall. The frame has been dated using dendrochronolgy, which determined a construction date of 1622/3. Some other timbers were found to date from a building of early 15th century, although the origin of these timbers is not known. Excavations in the north-east corner in 1991 exposed the remains of stone, brick and flint built steeping tank. This measured 3.1 metres by 2.45 metres and survived to a height of 0.07 metres; water was released into a brick-built sluice and drain which continued underneath the building and the kiln may have stood beside the steeping tank on the east side of the building. The malting on this site is known to have gone out of use in the early 19th century.
More information : The late 16th century timber framed granary and stable block (also known as the 'Old Court Room' due to its later use) at Cressing Temple. Documentary evidence indicates that in the 17th century there was a malthouse on the site and in 1623, four bays of the upper floor at the south-west end were converted for use as a court room. The Walled Garden also dates from this period.

One of the earliest known malthouses in Essex, it forms part of a nationally important medieval farmstead. It lies on the south side of the site and is weatherboarded at ground floor level with rendering above. The building is of two storeys, 10 bays, and has a steeply pitched clay tile roof with two gables on the west wall. The frame has been dated using dendrochronolgy, which determined a construction date of 1622/3. Some other timbers were found to date from a building of early 15th century, although the origin of these timbers is not known.

Excavations in the north-east corner in 1991 exposed the remains of stone, brick and flint built steeping tank. This measured 3.1 metres by 2.45 metres and survived to a height of 0.07 metres; water was released into a brick-built sluice and drain which continued underneath the building and the kiln may have stood beside the steeping tank on the east side of the building. The malting on this site is known to have gone out of use in the early 19th century.
(1-2)

Scheduled monument. Granary with stables below. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Information provided by Essex County Council HER. OCT-2010.
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Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Braintree, 21-DEC-1967
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Source Number : 3
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Braintree, 1987
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Early C15th timbers
Monument End Date : 1432
Monument Start Date : 1401
Monument Type : Timber Framed Building
Evidence : Architectural Component
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Late C16th century granary/stable
Monument End Date : 1600
Monument Start Date : 1567
Monument Type : Granary, Stable
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : In use as a Malthouse 17th century
Monument End Date : 1700
Monument Start Date : 1601
Monument Type : Malt House, Malt Kiln
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Early C19th Malt house out of use
Monument End Date : 1832
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : Malt House
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1833 on
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1833
Monument Type : Farm Building
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Jacobean
Display Date : Converted in part as a Court Room
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1623
Monument Type : Court Room, Malt House, Steeping Tank
Evidence : Extant Building, Architectural Component

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : EX211
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 116399
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 29999
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 71 NE 58
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 974856
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 974863
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 974799
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 974839
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1527169
Relationship type : General association

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