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Historic England Research Records

Tong Castle

Hob Uid: 73676
Location :
Shropshire
Tong
Grid Ref : SJ7916006930
Summary : A Castle, given a licence to crenellate in the 12th century, it was replaced circa1515 by a manor house. This was demolished circa1765 and replaced by a large house, this in turn has been recently demolished. The site has been excavated and five phases of occupation discovered from the 12th century. A 12th century cornmill was located. The area is now occupied by rubble and trees.
More information : [SJ 79160693] Tong Castle on Site of[T.I.] Castle [GT.] (1)

"Tong Castle is an old irregular edifice, built of stone, except the East wing, which being demolished in the civil wars was rebuilt with brick in the same style of building with the rest". (2)

Tong Castle was originally built in the time of Richard II, a licence to crenellate having been granted in the 5th year of his reign, but it was entirely rebuilt in the last[18th] century. (3)

George Durant bought the castle and manor of Tong in 1762. He demolished the castle built by Sir Henry Vernon in 1500, which was possibly the second castle on the site. [Refers to Eyton. See 5] (4)

Tong Castle was modernised in the 18th century, and all its early work hidden by a front of semi-moorish design, built by a member of the Durant family, who bought the estates in 1746. (5)

Tong Castle. Sir Henry Vernon, who died in 1515, was stated by Leland to have rebuilt".. an old castel of stone new at of brike..." The great brick Tudor house of the Vernons was replaced about 1765, with a Georgian-Gothic mansion. (6)

Notes on the ancient charters, etc. relating to the Manor of Tong. Domesday: Tuange.
[SJ 70 NE 2 for possible original site of Tong Castle] (7)

The site occupies a flat spur of land at the junction of two steep-sided valleys. No trace of former defensive works linking these valleys was noted.
The latest Tong Castle has been destroyed, and the entire area is occupied by rubble and young trees. (8)

Excavation of Tong Castle by Alan Wharton between May and October 1976 revealed evidence of occupation from the 12th century. (9)

Excavation continued during the winter of 1976-7 and the summer of 1977. Five periods of castle building have been established. The excavation continues. (10)

Further excavations, reported in interim form (11-5) have both clarified the S stage building sequence and provided additional structural information. The position of the 12th century corn mill has been located (13, siteNo. 5) and the 18th century Ice House has been excavated and reconstructed at the Avoncroft Museum of Buildings, Bromsgrove. (11-15)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1903.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The gentleman's magazine library
Source details :
Page(s) : 162
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1763
Source Number : 11
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 8: West Midlands Research Committees reports
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : 84-89
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21 - 1978
Source Number : 12
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 8: West Midlands Research Committees reports
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : 66-75
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22 - 1979
Source Number : 13
Source : Shropshire Archaeological Society newsletter
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : Dec-17
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14 - 1981
Source Number : 14
Source : Shropshire Archaeological Society newsletter
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : 11-Dec
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15 - 1982
Source Number : 15
Source : Shropshire Archaeological Society newsletter
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : 03-Apr
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18 - 1983
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dom.Archit.Eng. pt.2, 1859, p.366. (T.H. Turner)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details : (G.I. Tucker)
Page(s) : 140-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17 - 1861
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeologia Cambrensis
Source details : (Rev. Prebendary Auden)
Page(s) : 183
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jun-06
Source Number : 6
Source : Country Life
Source details : (C.Hussey). Engraving of Buck's View, 1731.
Page(s) : 578-80
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 100
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ants. of Shropshire vol.2, 1855 pp.191-246. (R.W. Eyton)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 19-NOV-59
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 8: West Midlands Research Committees reports
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : 55-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19 - 1976
Source Number : 10
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 8: West Midlands Research Committees reports
Source details : (A Wharton)
Page(s) : 73-78
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20 - 1977

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 12th century
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Castle, Mill
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : manor house built
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1515
Monument Type : Manor House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : rebuilt 1765
Monument End Date : 1765
Monument Start Date : 1765
Monument Type : Manor House
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 86528
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 70 NE 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 504074
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 504075
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 504077
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 70 NE 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1959-11-19
End Date : 1959-11-19
Associated Activities : Primary, TONG CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1981-12-31