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Historic England Research Records

Fargo Hengiform

Hob Uid: 219510
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1125042800
Summary : A small Neolithic / Bronze Age hengiform enclosure, located within Fargo Plantation and one of the circular monuments known as the Cursus Barrow Group (Monument Number 219681). An irregular hollow, circa 8.5m in diameter, is recognisable at the approximate location of Stone's 1938 excavation, which found a ring ditch surrounding a levelled sub-circular area circa 6 metres by 4 metres which featured entrances or causeways at the northern and southern ends. There may originally have been an external bank. The enclosed central area contained a roughly central sub-rectangular grave pit containing an incomplete inhumation, although it is unclear whether or not the full skeleton was ever present. The inhumation seems to have been accompanied by a Beaker. Two further cremations in shallow holes dug into the floor of the pit, one possibly accompanied by a Food Vessel, seem to have been broadly contemporary. A third cremation had been inserted into the backfilled grave at a later date. A sherd of Peterborough Ware, a fragment of bluestone, and some antlers were recovered from the ditch. The earthworks were observed by English Heritage in November 2010 during a rapid field investigation (Level 1 survey) of Fargo South as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : SU 11254280. Fargo Grave, Class II henge. (1)

This site, excavated by Stone in 1938 consisted of a small oval ditch with an external bank broken by causeways on the N and S. At the centre of the enclosed area was a square grave cut in the chalk on the bottom of which lay parts of a skeleton accompanied by an A-beaker, a cremation with a food vessel of English Ridged type, and an unaccompanied cremation, all apparently contemporary and sealed by an undisturbed layer of chalk rubble. A second unaccompanied cremation lay higher in the filling of the grave, and a sherd of Peterborough ware, possibly a stray, was found in the ditch. Most of the finds are in Salisbury Museum. (2)

Fargo henge falls in an area of dense coniferous trees and could not be identified. It is probably that any surface remains were eradicated during ploughing prior to the re-afforestation. (3)

SU 112428; A sub-oval enclosure with an internal diameter c. 3.96-6.10m, no surface features visible. It has an asymmetrical outline with the north causeway much wider than the south. The central pit was turf lined and contained one inhumation and two cremations. A secondary cremation was also present. East of this pit was another pit containing a cist and cremation. (4)

The feature falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. It has not been included on the survey maps because it is covered by trees, and no further information could be added from aerial photographic evidence. (8)

An irregular hollow, circa 8.5m in diameter, is recognisable at the approximate location of this excavated site. The earthworks were observed by English Heritage in November 2010 during a rapid field investigation (Level 1 survey) of Fargo South as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. (9-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : LV Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer - Flat graves
Page(s) : 28
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Excavations at Dorchester, Oxon: first report. Sites I, II, IV, V and VI, with a chapter on henge monuments
Source details :
Page(s) : 84, 102
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 31-JUL-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Henge monuments and related sites of Great Britain : air photographic evidence and catalogue
Source details :
Page(s) : 292-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 175
Source Number : 5
Source : Stonehenge and its environs: monuments and land use
Source details :
Page(s) : 7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : Stone, JFS. An Early Bronze Age Grave in Fargo Plantation near Stonehenge.
Page(s) : 357-70
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record numbers 559, 560
Page(s) : 188-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/16-NOV-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Komar A M & Bishop, S 'Fargo South.' Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project. Archaeological survey report. RDRS 96-2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 96-2010

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Hengiform Monument, Inhumation, Pit, Grave, Causewayed Ring Ditch
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Hengiform Monument, Pit, Grave, Inhumation, Causewayed Ring Ditch
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Late Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Hengiform Monument, Inhumation, Pit, Grave, Causewayed Ring Ditch
Object Type : CREMATION, VESSEL, FLAKE, SCRAPER (TOOL), ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery, Flint, Antler
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Hengiform Monument, Pit, Grave, Inhumation, Causewayed Ring Ditch
Object Type : CREMATION, VESSEL, FLAKE, SCRAPER (TOOL), ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery, Flint, Antler

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW162
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 65R
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW106
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10363
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 30
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FARGO
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1938-01-01
End Date : 1938-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 14 SW 30
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-07-31
End Date : 1970-07-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31