HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Mamucium Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 76731
Location :
Manchester
Manchester
Manchester
Grid Ref : SJ8319097610
Summary : The site of the Roman fort at Manchester; part of the fort's wall is still visible. It was protected on three sides by the confluence of the rivers Irwell and Medlock, once known as "Castlefields". In shape it appears to have been a slightly irregular rectangle, covering a little over five acres, according to observations made in the 18th and 19th centuries, when portions of the wall were still standing. A small section of wall seven foot high survives under one of the arches of the railway viaduct in Deansgate. Excavations in the 1950s, 1965 and 1972 in the Northgate area revealed three phases of the fort's development, dating from the Flavian through the Trajanic Antonine and Severan periods.
More information : (Centred SJ 832976) Roman Fort (R) (1)

The Roman Auxiliary Fort at Manchester was situated in an area, protected on three sides by the confluence of the rivers Irwell and Medlock, once known as "Castlefields". In shape it appears to have been a slightly irregular rectangle, covering a little over five acres, according to observations made in the 18th and 19th centuries, when portions of the wall were still standing. (See Plan 1) (4). A small section of wall seven foot high survives under one of the arches of the railway viaduct in Deansgate. Excavations in the 1950's, 1965 and 1972, in the Northgate area, revealed three phases of the fort's development, dating from the Flavian through the Trajanic Antonine and Severan periods.
The fort, constructed during the Flavian period, had a clay turf rampart with an outer double ditch system (See Plan 2). A palisaded annex to the north west, interpreted as a baggage compound or defensive annex, was constructed while the fort was being built. Rebuildings of the rampart was carried out in the early second century when the outer ditch system was backfilled to make space for construction of part of the Vicus (See SJ 89 NW 93). The third phase, dated to the Severan period from associated inscriptions, saw the insertion of wall foundations with a cobbled surface laid in front of the wall and a ditch 19 1/2 feet wide and four feet deep.
The excavations also revealed the site of the north gate, which was confirmed when the alignment of the Roman Road immediately north of the fort was ascertained in 1972. Roman coins from the fort area indicate that the fort was in use up to and during the fourth century AD. (2-4)

The only visible remains are situated at SJ 83269757 in Messrs Southern and Darwents timber yard. They consist of a small portion of walling measuring 5.0m in length and averaging 1.0m height. Name 'MAMVCIVM' accepted for 4th edition Romano-British map. (5)

During the occupation of the Period I fort a vicus began to grow up along the road leading from the North Gate to Ribchester. Metalworking was the dominant activity in the areas excavated, but a pottery kiln found in 1978 also attests to pottery manufacture. During Period II of the fort metalworking activity in the vicus continued to grow in scale and importance with perhaps some "industrial zoning" developing in activities. During the late 2nd and early 3rd centuries the vicus appears to have gradually changed from a large industrial centre to a mixture of domestic houses and shops. By 300AD the northern vicus had been largely abandoned. MAMUCIUM - identified with the Roman fort at Manchester. (6-7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1:1250 1962
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Shotter DCA 1973 Romans in Lancashire pp65-7
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Jones GDB and Grealey S 1974 Roman Manchester pp23-27, 33-49, 140, 185 plans illus
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Thompson Watkin H 1883 Roman Lancashire plan
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey archaeology field investigator BHP 17-OCT-75
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Roman Manchester
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The place-names of Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 409-410
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 400
Monument Start Date : 69
Monument Type : Fort, Pottery Kiln, Metal Working Site, Shop
Evidence : Structure, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GM 6
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Greater Manchester)
External Cross Reference Number : 852
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 89 NW 45
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 76801
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1700-01-01
End Date : 1799-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD VICUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1766-01-01
End Date : 1766-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1768-01-01
End Date : 1769-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD VICUS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1789-01-01
End Date : 1789-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1843-01-01
End Date : 1844-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1849-01-01
End Date : 1849-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1897-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1897-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : GILBERT STREET/MOUNT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1897-01-01
End Date : 1897-12-31
Associated Activities : COLLIER STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1898-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : CORN AND PROVISION EXCHANGE SITE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1899-01-01
End Date : 1899-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1906-01-01
End Date : 1907-12-31
Associated Activities : BRIDGEWATER STREET/DUKE STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1912-01-01
End Date : 1912-12-31
Associated Activities : 11-27 MANOR STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1950-01-01
End Date : 1951-12-31
Associated Activities : BRIDGEWATER ESTATE/MANOR STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1955-12-31
Associated Activities : IVY STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1951-12-31
Associated Activities : 1-9 MANOR STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1954-01-01
End Date : 1954-12-31
Associated Activities : 8-14 BEAUFORT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1955-01-01
End Date : 1956-12-31
Associated Activities : BRIDGEWATER STREET/DUKE STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1965-01-01
End Date : 1967-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD ROMAN FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1965-01-01
End Date : 1965-12-31
Associated Activities : DUKE PLACE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 89 NW 45
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-10-17
End Date : 1975-10-17
Associated Activities : BRIDGEWATER STREET/COLLIER STREET/BEAUFORT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31
Associated Activities : BRIDGEWATER STREET/COLLIER STREET/BEAUFORT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : WORSLEY STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : BRIDGEWATER STREET/COLLIER STREET/BEAUFORT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1980-01-01
End Date : 1981-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : DUKE STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : DUKE PLACE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-12-31
Associated Activities : BEAUFORT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-12-31
Associated Activities : SOLOMON'S ARCHES, BEAUFORT STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : BTS SITE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : ONWARD WORKSHOP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : ATS, CASTLEFIELD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : CONCERT HALL SITE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLE GATE, CASTLEFIELD
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND BOUNDED BY BARTON STREET/BRIDGEWATER STREET/COLLIER STREET, CASTLEFIELD
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : DUKE STREET/DUKE PLACE, CASTLEFIELD
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : DUKE STREET/DUKE PLACE, CASTLEFIELD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : CASTLEFIELD HOUSE, LIVERPOOL ROAD
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT CASTLEFIELD QUAY
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31