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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 77400

Hob Uid: 77400
Location :
Staffordshire
Stafford
Tixall
Grid Ref : SJ9545023730
Summary : The remains of the smashed shaft and head of a shaft-on-steps type of medieval cross of 15th century date. The shaft is now in about seven fragments but the largest part sill stands to a height of 1m. on the southern slopes of King's Lowe (SJ92SW1). The cross originally came from South Wales, and was set up in its present position to mark the traditional spot of the murder, in 1494, of William Chetwynd. It is not known where in South Wales it came from
More information : [SJ 9545 2372 Stone Cross (NR) (Remains of) (1)

"...About the year 1803, a very antique stone cross,
which once stood before the gate of a ruined mansion in South
Wales, was transported hither and erected on TIXALL HEATH. It is
of very hard moor-stone; the shaft, which has eight unequal
sides, supports a tablet of an hexagonal form, adorned with very
rude carvings; on one side, a crucifix, on the other, the virgin
with the child in her lap.
On the edge of the tablet is also a figure ... thought by some
experienced antiqueries to be St. John the Evangelist." (2)

The cross was set up in its present position to mark the
traditional spot of the murder, in 1494, of William Chetwynd. It
is not known where in South Wales it came from. It was smashed
accidently by a cart during tree-felling c. 1918 (a).

The remains of the smashed shaft and head of a shaft-on-steps
type of medieval cross. The shaft is now in about seven
fragments but the largest part sill stands to a height of 1m. on
the southern slopes of King's Lowe (SJ92SW1) it is octagonal but
has angle stops so that the lowest part is square.
The hexagonal head, 0.6m high, 0.4m broad and 0.2m thick, is
largely intact and in one piece. The carvings on three faces, as
described above (2) - suggest a C15th date. See photograph. (3)

Only a single fragment of the shaft can now be seen in dense
undergrowth at SJ 9545 2373. It is 1.0m long, 0.2m wide and 0.2m
thick. It lies in a recently dug hole. Surveyed at 1/2500. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1925
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Topo. & Hist. Description of Tixall., 1817, 87-8, (Sir T. Clifford)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 VJB 17-JAN-58
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Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Oral: S. Horne, Secretary Old Stafford Soc. 24 St. John's Rd, Rowley Park, Stafford
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 DJC 24-SEP-74
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C15
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1400
Monument Type : Cross
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 92 SE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 92 SE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1958-01-17
End Date : 1958-01-17
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 92 SE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-09-24
End Date : 1974-09-24