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Historic England Research Records

Caverswall Castle

Hob Uid: 77795
Location :
Staffordshire
Staffordshire Moorlands
Caverswall
Grid Ref : SJ9508042810
Summary : House, built into the remains of a 13th century castle, granted a licence to crenellate in 1275. The remains comprise a roughly oblong enclosure with four polygonal angle towers, which, with the walls, do not stand to full height. A gatehouse on the east side leads on to a bridge across the moat. The house was built into the castle circa 1615 and was extended and altered circa 1890. The moat has been landscaped to form an ornamental feature.
More information : SJ 95084281 Castle (NR) Moat (NR). (1)

There was a manor at Caverswall mentioned in Domesday, and Walter de Caverswall was bailiff during the reign of Henry I (1100-1135 AD) (2). Licence to crenellate was given in 1275. The castle is a roughly oblong enclosure with four polygonal angle towers which, with the walls, do not stand to full height. The towers were terminated by balustrading, c1615, when Matthew Cradock built a house into the castle. A fine building, high and even, three-storeyed and fully symmetrical. The top balustrade was replaced in the 19th century by crenellation (3).

It is not possible to say how much of the present dry moat belongs to the original castle. The moat was entirely sunk from the natural surface of the land and its sections have in recent years been moulded for the formation of the pleasure grounds (4).

Occupied by Missionary Sisters in 1951 (5). Published survey (1:2500) revised 1974 (6). Grade I (7). (2-7)

Listed by Cathcart King. (8)

Castle, later country house. C13 foundation to superstructure of circa 1615, enlarged, altered and refitted circa 1890. The work of 1615 has been attributed to Robert and John Smythson. Red sandstone ashlar; flat roofs largely invisible behind crenellated parapets with multishafted C19 side stacks; the gatehouse and angle towers have tiled roofs and balustraded parapets. Built in a castellar, supra-vernacular style with a foretaste of Bolsover and echoes of Longleat (and strangely reminiscent of Castle Drogo by Lutyens). House: the single-fronted house is a truncated rendition of the Slingsby plan and facade with symmetry upset by the lack of an eastern stair tower, the vacuum part filled by the additions of 1890 leading on to the gatehouse. Listed Grade I. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov 1922-38
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Source Number : 2
Source : The North Staffordshire Field Club transactions
Source details : (J D Johnstone)
Page(s) : 121
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 84 - 1950
Source Number : 3
Source : Staffordshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 95
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1974
Source Number : 4
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Stafford: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 352-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 AC 09-AUG-51
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 DJC 03-DEC-74
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Cheadle RD Staf Jan 1962 9
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Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 449
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 9
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Staffordshire Moorlands, 08-Aug-1986
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C13 - after 1275
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1275
Monument Type : Castle, Gatehouse, Bridge, Curtain Wall, Moat, Angle Tower
Evidence : Structure, Earthwork, Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1615
Monument End Date : 1625
Monument Start Date : 1605
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1890
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1880
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 274806
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 94 SE 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 94 SE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1951-08-09
End Date : 1951-08-09
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 94 SE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-12-03
End Date : 1974-12-03