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Historic England Research Records

Beverley Town Defences

Hob Uid: 79096
Location :
East Riding of Yorkshire
Beverley
Grid Ref : TA0300039500
Summary : The town appears to have been defended by a ditch or moat and gates, there is no mention of walls; the earthworks have now been built over and destroyed.
More information : [TA 0309 3933 to TA 0316 3909] Towns Ditch [NR]
[TA 0295 3967 ; TA 0315 3998] Towns Ditch [NR] (Site of) (NAT) (Twice). (1)

There is no mention of walls in the public records of the town, but in the Chartulary of Beverley frequent reference is made to the 'gates and dytches'.
Remains of the town moat may still be seen in the 'leases' and in 'Willow Grove'. It was crossed at five points protected by the 'Bars' - North Bar, Newbegin bar, Keldgate Bar, Eastgate Bar and Norwood Bar - of which the North Bar is the only one remaining. (2)

'..the course of the fosse or ditch may be ascertained Beginning at the North Bar, it may be followed in a SW direction passing the ancient site of Newbigin Bar, along Slut-well-lane, as far as the spot where Keldgate Bar formerly stood. It then takes an easterly course emptying itself into a drain near Englands Springs, in Long Lane, below the Minster. Commencing again at the North Bar it may be traced (although this and several other parts....are covered over, it still serves as a water course) inclining to the eastward as far as Pig-hill-lane. It then bends southerly into Norwood, and is connected with the Watergate drains'. (3)

There are now no extant portions of this ditch. The published section (authy 1) has been destroyed by a modern housing estate. (4)

Additional reference. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1927
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Official Guide to Beverley 1919 6-28 (Harold Vickers-compiler)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Beverlac Antiqs and History of Beverley 1-2 1829 16 (G Poulson)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 09-JUN-61
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Town defences in England and Wales: an architectural and documentary study AD 900-1500
Source details :
Page(s) : 99-100
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1971
Source Number : 6
Source : CBA research reports
Source details : Medieval Towns in England and Wales
Page(s) : 58-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1975

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Town Defences, Moat
Evidence : Destroyed Monument

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 13981
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 3918
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 3928
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 3937
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 3967
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 5527
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 7463
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TA 03 NW 19
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 79127
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 79128
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 79129
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 79130
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 79131
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TA 03 NW 19
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1961-06-09
End Date : 1961-06-09
Associated Activities : Primary, MINSTER MOORGATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WYLIES ROAD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE OLD FIRE STATION, ALBERT TERRACE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31