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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 79613

Hob Uid: 79613
Location :
East Riding of Yorkshire
Kelk
Grid Ref : TA0950060100
Summary : A complex of medieval earthworks have been interpreted as the remains of the possible shrunken village of Little Kelk or that of a monastic grange. A sub-circular platform has been identified as a motte. A U-shaped moat is also visible. The features are levelled on the latest 2011 photography.
More information : [Area centred TA 095 601]. The whole field by Nunnery Hill is full of mediaeval remains with pottery sherds lying on the surface. Nunnery Hill is about 100ft.in diameter with no visible ditch. The road to the west of the Willows is clear and consists of a raised bank about 4ft. above the surrounding ground. Mr J G Hurst (Secretary DMV Research Group) states that this is a village site. (1)

Any village of Little Kelk probably stood at the junction of roads leading to Lowthorpe, Burton Agnes, and Great Kelk. A causeway crossing the Great Kelk road was described in 1850 as the track of a paved road, and there are other earthworks to the west, in Ash garths. These features forming no coherent pattern, may mark the site of a grange established here by Bridlington Priory, rather than a village site. Nunnery Hill in Ash garths appears to be a tumulus.(2)

There is little on the ground apart from a linear superficial depression in Ash Garths, which suggests a former roadway, and tends to support the claim of a village here rather than a grange (published survey 25" correct). One of two large stones set into the crossroads noted by the VCH may represent remnants of the paved causeway.

'Nunnery Hill' is a ploughed-down mound 42.0m diameter and 1.7m high. According to the farmer, prior to being bulldozed during the war it was about 15ft high and ditched (OS 25" 1926 confirms this). As it stands, it appears large for a tumulus, and in view of the farmer's evidence, Nunnery Hill seems likely to have been a small motte. Published survey (25") revised. (3)

Centred (TA 097601), Little Kelk Shrunken Village with holloways, banks and mounds visible on APs (4). In 1970 a rectangular building site, at TA 09476004, ploughed to a mound 30m by 20m, produced a chamfered plinth stone with Norman tooling. East of the building 15th century pottery and oyster shells lay on the ploughed surface, and at TA 09676013 15th century sherds and kiln debris were found (5), (probably centred TA 0956603). Earthworks listed in VCH as a homestead moat (6). (4-6)

Most of this area has been ploughed and is under grass but the main outlines of the above features are still discernible.

The "rectangular building site" at TA 09476004 is now an amorphous turf covered rise, while the "supposed homestead moat" is much reduced by ploughing so that its exact purpose is not clear.

Only the E part of the "old road" is now extant. Published survey (25") revised. (7)

Small moat traceable in plough soil. (8)

Fieldwork in 1978-9 produced concentrations of material at various locations within and around the site, including C12th-16th pottery. (9)

TA 095 601. U-shaped moat, appearing only as a soilmark, containing no surface indication of underlying structures but much scattered chalk, cobble, tile and brick found. At TA 094 596 a scatter of building debris with surface finds represent the possible site of a watermill associated with the grange. Many surface finds were collected following ploughing in 1978-9, all from the period 1200 to 1600. Also floor tiles and ironwork
found. (10)

Nunnery or "Double House" recorded at Calcaria (Tadcaster or Kelk) in about 650 (possibly relating to this site?). (11)

TA 095 601, TA 097 602. Nunnery Hill and adjacent earthworks, Little Kelk. Scheduled No HU/196. (12)

Authority 10's suggestion that Kelk is the site of the Early Mediaeval nunnery of Calcaria is incorrect. Tadcaster was the Roman Calcaria, to which the reference relates. See SE44SE66. (13)

Centred at TA0947 6003 are a group of cropmark features coresponding to the medieval features described above. With the exception of one L-shaped length of ditch which still functions as a field boundary, all the features are heavily ploughed down to the extent that only the deeper ditches appear to survive. A broad, roughly circular cropmark, about 42m in diameter is all that remains of Nunnery Hill. Some area features suggest the location of buildings, others appear to be more pit-like, perhaps ponds. (14)

Complex medieval features are visible as earthworks on air photographs, including a moat, small motte, hollow ways, buildings, crofts, lynchets, a platform and extractive pits, TA0956 6002. The moat is u-shaped in plan and measures approximately 95m x 75m at its widest point. Possible drains are visible along the western arm. A number of small buildings are visible as earthworks within the moat and to the west. The sub-circular mound, measuring 42m x 36m, is surrounded by a ditch and is interpreted as a motte rather than a round barrow. The features appear to have been levelled on the latest 2011 photography, with the exception of a section of hollow way east of Duck Muttons Lane, marked as the track or paved road on first edition Ordnance Survey mapping. A field boundary is visible as a cropmark. The L-shaped boundary, described by the above authority is now recorded separately (UID 1549703).
(15-16)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : MS Notes, Min. of Works.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of the county of York, East Riding: volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) : 245
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1974
Source Number : 11
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details :
Page(s) : 27-37
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 31, 1968
Source Number : 12
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Humbs March 1994 14
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 483
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR TA0959/22 (17361/12) 30-JUL-1999
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/CPE/UK/1839 4015 13-NOV-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 16
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR 28227/9 19-OCT-2011
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RE 19-AUG-74
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (RAF CPE/UK 1839 4014-16 13.11.46)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 196
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 43, 1971
Source Number : 6
Source : A history of the county of York, East Riding: volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) : 52,70
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1974
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ISS 06-OCT-75
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : The moated sites of Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 113
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1973
Source Number : 9
Source : Medieval Settlement Research Group : annual report
Source details :
Page(s) : 10-Nov
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27
Source Number : 10
Source : Moated Sites Research Group report
Source details :
Page(s) : 15-17
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7, 1980

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Settlement, Motte, Augustinian Grange, Field Boundary, Moat, Croft, Building, Drain, Hollow Way, Boundary Bank, Platform, Lynchet, Extractive Pit
Evidence : Levelled Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence, Cropmark, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HU 196a
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HU 196b
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 3177
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Humberside)
External Cross Reference Number : 2836
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TA 06 SE 15
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 81023
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1549703
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, NUNNERY HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1900-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TA 06 SE 15
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-08-19
End Date : 1974-08-19
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TA 06 SE 15
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-10-06
End Date : 1975-10-06
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE (NORTH): 1999/00
Activity type : AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE
Start Date : 1999-04-01
End Date : 2000-03-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: CHALK LOWLAND AND THE HULL VALLEY NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2011-09-20
End Date : 2012-10-03