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Historic England Research Records

Ryknild Street

Hob Uid: 1047415
Location :
Derbyshire, Sheffield, Rotherham
Chesterfield, North East Derbyshire, Sheffield, Rotherham
Chesterfield, Brimington, Staveley, Eckington, Unstone, Sheffield, Whiston, Catcliffe, Brinsworth, Aston Cum Aughton, Orgreave, Rotherham
Grid Ref : SK3960070000
Summary : Roman road. No substantial traces. Largely conjectural although excavation at various places has revealed its sub surface structure.
More information : RR 18e Roman Road. Ryknild Street. Chesterfield - Rotherham.
RR 18ee Roman Road. New Whittington - Rotherham.

From Chesterfield there seem to be two possible routes:
RR 18e, west of the Rother valley running due north through New Whittington, passing west of Eckington to Ford and Ridgeway, where a slight turn to the north-east, followed the present road to High Lane
The route then takes the road just west of Woodhouse to Orgreave and Catcliffe on to Bonewood Moor and the east side of Brinsworth village. The road was traced on Bonewood Moor as large stones, 26 feet wide. On Brinsworth golf course it was made up of gravel upon a heavy stone foundation, 24 feet wide and had a layer of rammed clay beneath. The road was traced as far as the clubhouse, pointing towards Ickles, a little east of Templeborough fort (SK 49 SW 7) near where the RR 710c road must have crossed the route. A continuation of Ryknild Street beyond Templeborough is very uncertain.

RR 18ee would run through Eckington and along the present ridgeway road to Beighton where remains of a road consisting of stone paving 18 inches below the surface, were found when the railway was being constructed. The name Streetfield to the south of Mosborough is significant. Having crossed the Rother valley here, it seems likely that this route would have continued north through Aughton and Guilthwaite direct to Rotherham, following roads and tracks, some of which mark parish boundaries. (1)

See Ordnance Survey Linear Archive File RR 18d & 18e for further details. (2)

Air photos taken in 1998 show 700m+ of alternative route RR 18ee as a cropmark defining two parallel ditches with indications of compacted road surface, between SK 4138 7671 and SK 4165 7735 (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Roman roads in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 412-14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Leader J D. 1877. Rotherham Literary & Scientific Society.16.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1b
Source : Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Watkin W T.
Page(s) : 206
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8
Source Number : 1c
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details : Greene D & Wakelin F.
Page(s) : 164,168
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6
Source Number : 1d
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details : Greene D & Wakelin F.
Page(s) : 78
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7
Source Number : 1e
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : Greene D.
Page(s) : 112
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Linear Archive File RR 18d & 18e in NMRC
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SK 4176/19 (17097/49) 19-JUL-1998
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Road
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Road Number
External Cross Reference Number : RR 18e
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : LINEAR 495
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 316611
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1047337
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 316617
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 316634
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 314408
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RICKNILD STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1950-01-01
End Date : 1950-12-31
Associated Activities : RICKNILD STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1951-12-31
Associated Activities : RCHME AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE (NORTH): 1997/8
Activity type : AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE
Start Date : 1997-04-01
End Date : 1998-03-31