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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 364469

Hob Uid: 364469
Location :
Cambridgeshire
Huntingdonshire
Chesterton
Grid Ref : TL1240096900
Summary : Water Newton Hoard: A treasure comprising one gold and twenty-seven silver objects was found within the town walls of Dvrobrivae (TL 19 NW 62) in February 1975 by Mr. A. Holmes. The largest item was a shallow silver dish, 27 cm. in diameter, with a Chi-Rho and omega in the centre. This had been the container for the other objects which were as follows:- 1. Broken plain bowl. 2. Mouth and neck of a spouted jug. 3. Bowl decorated with facets. 4. Decorated jug. 5. Cup with two handles (detached). 6. Small wine-strainer. 7. Inscribed cup, partly lost. 8. Similarly inscribed cup or bowl. The smaller objects comprised ten triangular plaques with veins like leaves, seven similar plaques but also stamped with a Chi-Rho, a gold disc with Chi-Rho and alpha and omega, and fragments of undecorated silver plaques or sheet. It is probable that the treasure belonged to a Christian group which had a regular place of worship, and was concealed during the time of persecution. The earliest possible date of deposition is the latter part of the third century, and the latest possible date is some time in the fourth century. This is the earliest group of Christian religious silver from the whole Roman empire and is a discovery of international importance. The finds were declared Treasure Trove in September 1975 and are now in the British Museum.
More information : TL 124969. A treasure comprising one gold and twenty-seven silver objects was found within the town walls of Dvrobrivae (TL 19 NW 62) in February 1975 by Mr. A. Holmes. The find spot is described as being "104 paces along the hedge and 70 paces into the centre of the field". The largest item was a shallow silver dish, 27 cm. in diameter, with a Chi-Rho and omega in the centre. This had been the container for the other objects which were as follows:-
1. Broken plain bowl.
2. Mouth and neck of a spouted jug.
3. Bowl decorated with facets.
4. Decorated jug.
5. Cup with two handles (detached).
6. Small wine-strainer.
7. Inscribed cup, partly lost.
8. Similarly inscribed cup or bowl.
The smaller objects comprised ten triangular plaques with veins like leaves, seven similar plaques but also stamped with a Chi-Rho, a gold disc with Chi-Rho and alpha and omega, and fragments of undecorated silver plaques or sheet. It is probable that the treasure belonged to a Christian group which had a regular place of worship, and was concealed during the time of persecution. The earliest possible date of deposition is the latter part of the third century, and the latest possible date is some time in the fourth century. This is the earliest group of Christian religious silver from the whole Roman empire and is a discovery of international importance. The finds were declared Treasure Trove in September 1975 and are now in the British Museum. (1-3)

Analysis of the hoard. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Durobrivae : a review of Nene Valley Archaeology
Source details : (K Painter)
Page(s) : 07-Sep
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1976
Source Number : 2
Source : Current archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 194, 199-204
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 54, 1976
Source Number : 3
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : (R Goodburn)
Page(s) : 333
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7, 1976
Source Number : 4
Source : A 4th-century Christian silver treasure found at Water Newton, England, in 1975
Source details :
Page(s) : 333-45
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 51
Source Number : 5
Source : The Water Newton Early Christian silver
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details : (KS Painter)
Page(s) : Jan-23
Figs. :
Plates : I-III
Vol(s) : 152, 1999

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 267
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : HOARD, DISC, VESSEL
Object Material : Gold, Silver

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 19 NW 69
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, DUROBRIVAE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31