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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 8084

Hob Uid: 8084
Location :
Northumberland
Craster
Grid Ref : NU2554019550
Summary : An Iron Age/Roman hillfort is visible as an earthwork on air photographs. The enclosure is irregular in plan, with only the east and south defences visible. The hillfort is still extant on the latest 1999 Ordnance Survey vertical photography. Earthwork remains of an Iron Age bivallate hillfort or enclosed settlement.
More information : (NU 25511952). (1)

Irregular enclosure with single rampart (1) naturally protected on N & W by steep sides of Craster Heugh and on E & S by two parallel ramparts composed of earth and rough stones. Camp is 215' long and 102' wide with modern gap in SE corner (3). There has been a circular dwelling at N end. (4). (2-4)

NU 25521954. A triangular shaped earthwork situated on the edge of some crags in a defensive position. It consists of a single rampart running parallel with the crags on the southern half of the west side, a single rampart on the S side - this is by far the strongest bank being c3.0m high - with a line of stones set on edge forming a wall down the bank, and a single lynchet bank and outer rampart along the NE side - a small bank gives an added defence at the NE angle. The banks of stone and earth vary in height from 03m to 3.0m and from 1.0m to 8.0m in width; a simple entrance is at SE corner. There are no internal dwellings and although the interior has been much disturbed by moles, there are no traces of any occupation or artefacts. The earthwork is of a simple form, defensive, and is of prob native origin. There is no trace of the circular dwelling at the N end. An adequate water supply is available. (5)

Listed under pre-Roman IA univallate [forts, settlements & enclosures]. (6)

The site, although only 100ft in elevation, is clearly defensive, and the construction of the work is in the local IA tradition. It seems likely that the two scarps on the NE side represent a bivallate system, the outer one being much reduced; but the small section of bank noted at the NE angle by Ostridge appears to be more in keeping with the remains of Maclauchan's 'circular dwelling' (possibly a secondary hut) than with additional defence.
Surveyed at 1/2500. (7)

An Iron Age/Roman hillfort is visible as an earthwork on air photographs, centred at NU 2553 1955. The enclosure is irregular in plan, with only the east and south defences visible, with a maximum internal dimension of 62m. The hillfort is still extant on the latest 1999 Ordnance Survey vertical photography.
(8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Correspondent's annotated 6" map (W P Hedley, 1949)
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Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne
Source details : (A H A Hogg)
Page(s) : 164
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4th series, 11, 1951
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Northumberland County History 2 1895 pp166-7 plan 1:6336
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Notes on Roman Roads in Northumberland 1867 p7 (H Maclauchlan)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator JHO 17-MAR-55
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Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (G Jobey)
Page(s) : 63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4th series, 43, 1965
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Second OS Archaeoogy Field Investigator BHP 13-DEC-69
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/95003 142 26-FEB-1995
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Bivallate Hillfort, Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24597
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northumberland)
External Cross Reference Number : 5667
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NU 21 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NU 21 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1955-03-17
End Date : 1955-03-17
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NU 21 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-12-13
End Date : 1969-12-13
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: NORTH EAST COAST NMP RAPID COASTAL ZONE ASSESSMENT SURVEY
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-03-01
End Date : 2008-07-22