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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 304434

Hob Uid: 304434
Location :
Staffordshire
Lichfield
Wall
Grid Ref : SK0936007320
Summary : Site of supposed Roman wooden barricade and ditch. Roman coins found.
More information : (SK 09280763 - SK 09360732) Possible Dyke to Pipe Hill. (1)

A Roman military barricades extended from Wall northwards to Pipe
Hill, "parallel to the brook, which passing east of Pipe Hill, goes
through Wall."

This fortification was composed of the whole trunks of oaktrees
standing upright close to each other, and driven 4' into the
ground. The timber above ground has long since rotted off;
but numbers of the bottoms had been dug up (in the 18th.
cent.) by Mr Bradburne in draining his estate here.

Mr. Bradburne found in digging a drain, several entire pieces of
timber, of which the barricade had been composed. "These were
about 2' below the surface, and were whole oak trunks, 12' long
and 1' diam. with a look-out slot in the top 3' long x 4" wide.

"This barricade has already been traced upwards of 500 yds. in
length, not continued in a straight line, but strengthened with
flanking bastions placed according to the nature of the ground,
so as to inclose a natural swell or bank of earth."

"The surrounding fosse, now filled with peat" was found to be
12' wide at the top, 5' deep, and 3' wide at the bottom.

Some Roman coins and a wooden mallet have been found near the
barricade, which is dated by Shaw to c.120 AD. (2)

Similar Information - "The structure was possibly of a date
later than the Roman occupation. A copper coin of Hadrian
(AD 120) was found on the site". (3)

No trace of an earthwork seen in the area indicated by auth (1). (4)

Mr Gould points out that Bradburne (mentioned in Authy 2) lived
at Pipe Place (SK 087073). (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Corr 6" (A H Oswald, 6.6.50)
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Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : "Staffordshire" (1798) (Shaw)
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : "Hist and Ants of Staffs" I (1798) 19-20 (illus pl B) (S Shaw)
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Stafford: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 191
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 WCW 15-APR-58
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Private Index (J T Gould)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Circa 120 AD
Monument End Date : 130
Monument Start Date : 110
Monument Type : Palisade
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 00 NE 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 00 NE 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1958-04-15
End Date : 1958-04-15