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Historic England Research Records

Coneybury Anomaly

Hob Uid: 858972
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1342041600
Summary : An Early Neolithic pit, located 12 metres northwest of the later Coneybury Henge (SU 14 SW 14). The pit contained a considerable assemblage of early Neolithic pottery, representing a minimum of 41 vessels, plus flints. Also present was a large assemblage of animal bones, representing a minimum of 10 cattle, plus several roe deer, two red deer and a pig. A radiocarbon date of 3980-3708 Cal BC was obtained on a sample from the primary fill. The contents may represent the remains of one major episode of feasting, although some of the material may have accumulated elsewhere prior to deposition in the pit. The upper fills included small quantities of Beaker and Deverel-Rimbury pottery, plus broadly contemporary lithic material. The pit may well have been visible as a substantial backfilled depression at the time the nearby henge was constructed.
More information : (SU 13424160) A Neolithic pit, 1.9m in diameter, 1.25m deep, containing pottery, animal bone and flint implements, was located 12m northwest of Coneybury Henge (SU 14 SW 14). It had a diameter of 1.9m, c. 1.25m deep and contained pottery representing a minimum of 41 Earlier Neolithic vessels. These may have been incorporated within a midden deposit prior to burial. Animal bone representing a minimum of ten cattle, several roe deer, a pig and two red deer was also recovered. The authors have interpreted the pit contents as possibly representing either a single major feast, or a period of feasting, which accumulated in a temporary midden prior to burial within the pit. Flint implements recovered include flake tools and scrapers. The upper fills of the pit contained Early Neolithic to Bronze Age material including transverse arrowheads. It is likely that the pit was visible as a substantial depression, c.2m in diameter, c. 0.7m deep, at the time of the construction of Coneybury Henge. (1)

This location falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. No further information about this feature was obtained from aerial photographic evidence. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Stonehenge Environs Project
Source details :
Page(s) : 40-61
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16
Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 801
Page(s) : 270
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Neolithic
Display Date : Early Neolithic
Monument End Date : -3300
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Pit
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Pit
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Middle Bronze Age
Display Date : Middle Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1200
Monument Start Date : -1600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Pit
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, LITHIC IMPLEMENT, LEAF ARROWHEAD, POLISHED AXEHEAD, SCRAPER (TOOL), TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD
Object Material : Flint
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Pit
Object Type : VESSEL, LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Object Material : Pottery, Flint
Period : Middle Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW138
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 292
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219462
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01