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Historic England Research Records

Civil Bombing Decoy C2f

Hob Uid: 1414277
Location :
Hartlepool
Newton Bewley
Grid Ref : NZ4750026000
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy site at Newton Bewley. This was a 'Permanent Starfish' decoy that was built to deflect enemy bombing from Middlesbrough. It was also a 'QL' decoy for the 'C-series' of civil decoys designed to protect the Imperial Chemical Industries plant at Billingham. The 'Starfish' decoy operated by lighting a series of controlled fires during an air raid to replicate an urban area targeted by bombs. The 'QL' decoy featured a display of lights to simulate active marshalling yards and factories that would be associated with a working chemical plant. The site is referenced as being in use between 1942 and 1943, but the 'Starfish' decoy could have been in use up until early 1945. By the mid 1970s the site had been given over to agricultural use and no features of the decoy survive. Further civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough were located at Grangetown, Bran Sands, Greenabella, Cowpen Bewley, Newton Bewley, Wolviston, Elton, Middleton and Kirkleatham. Further 'Starfish' sites were located at Osmotherley, Guisborough and Sneaton Moor, Middleton and Kirkleatham.
More information : BOMBING DECOY SITE. SRF. Recorder- A. Rudd. (1)

A Second World War 'Permanent Starfish' bombing decoy located at Newton Bewley (NZ 475 260). It was built to deflect enemy bombing from the city of Middlesbrough. It was also the location of a 'QL' bombing decoy, which was constructed as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys to protect the Imperial Chemical Industries plant at Billingham. The 'QL' decoy is referenced as being in use between 02-OCT-1942 and 01-MAY-1943. The 'Starfish' site is referenced as being active on 08-APR-1943. Further civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough were located at Bran Sands (NZ 559 236), Seal Sands (NZ 513 246), Greenabella (NZ 514 261), Cowpen Bewley (NZ 494 241), Grangetown ((NZ 572 218)), Wolviston (NZ 437 263), Elton (NZ 394 180), Middleton (NZ 481 114) and Kirkleatham (NZ 616 193). Further 'Starfish' site for Middlesbrough were located at Middleton, Kirkleatham, Osmotherley (SE 476 987), Guisborough (NZ 608 118), and Sneaton Moor (NZ 903 029). (2)

Aerial photography shows that by 1976 the site had been given over to agricultural use and no features of the decoy survive. (3)

NGR concords with that given in source 2. The 'Starfish' decoys for Middlesbrough were implemented in 1941 and were finally decommissioned in early 1945. They were among the most successful bombing decoys of the war. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
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Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 125,132,144,149
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Source Number : 3
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two bombing decoy sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 55
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Source Number : 4
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 276
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Plates :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Built by 1942
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy Site, Bombing Decoy
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : DoB Non Anti Invasion Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : 3701
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 42 NE 44
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31