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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 879402

Hob Uid: 879402
Location :
Essex
Chelmsford
Springfield
Grid Ref : TL7350008100
Summary : A multi period site, including a Late Bronze Age circular enclosure containing at least 3 round houses and other structures. During the Saxon period, the site was partially overlain by an Early Saxon cemetery and by later settlement activity. The cremation cemetery dated to the period 425-650, the inhumation cemetery from 450-599. There was a hiatus before the creation of a small settlement of at least 13 buildings which occupied the site from the 10th-12th centuries. The late Saxon phase of the site is probably 10-11th century in date. It includes a large longhouse or hall, measuring 20 by 6 metres, with a hearth and internal partitions. The site also yielded a late 10th century coin of Aethelread II.
More information : TL 082 736 (SIC) (TL 736 082)

A circular enclosure c60m in diameter was examined. Pottery and bronze metal-working moulds from the primary ditch silts indicate a Late Bronze Age date. Later features include a Saxon cremation and inhumation cemetery and Saxon or later post-hole building. (1)

Further grass and cremations were located bringing the total of burials to c150. One of the inhumations was enclosed by a small ring-ditch. Four more Saxon buildings were identified, belonging to at least two phases, together with a number of pits and other features. (2)

Excavation of a circular cropmark enclosure at Springfield, confirmed a Late Bronze Age date for the enclosure. The interior of the enclosure was totally excavated, providing a good plan of all features which had survived subsequent activity at the site. Late Bronze Age features included several post-hole structures, and the post-holes of the revetment for an internal bank. Also located were features and finds of Neolithic/Early Bronze Age and Roman date, an Early Saxon cemetery and a Late Saxon settlement. (3)

Additional references. (4-6)

A 1:2500 scale, level 3, photogrammetric survey was carried out in the vicinity of the Bronze Age enclosure by the Aerial Survey Section of the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME). A possible Neolithic causewayed enclosure had been identified during the excavations and therefore this survey was carried out as part of the Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic Project which was set up by the Cambridge field office of RCHME. The Neolithic features are recorded separately in record TL 70 NW 105. (7)

Aerial photograph showing features of the site. (8)

Full excavation report of the multi-period site. (9)


Saxon settlement occupation probably 10th to 11th century in date, features excavated included a hall of some 20 metres in length. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details : JD Hedges and DG Buckley
Page(s) : 510
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 48, 1982
Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : SM Youngs, J Clark and T Barry
Page(s) : 171
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29, 1985
Source Number : 3
Source : The Bronze Age and Saxon settlements at Springfield Lyons, Essex : an interim report
Source details : Published in 1987
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5
Source Number : 4
Source : Essex archaeology and history : transactions of Essex Archaeological Society
Source details : D Priddy
Page(s) : 142
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14, 1982
Source Number : 5
Source : Essex archaeology and history : transactions of Essex Archaeological Society
Source details : D Priddy
Page(s) : 168
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15, 1983
Source Number : 6
Source : Essex archaeology and history : transactions of Essex Archaeological Society
Source details : D Priddy
Page(s) : 134
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16, 1984-5
Source Number : 7
Source : Springfield Lyons, Essex/report
Source details : Carolyn Dyer/25-MAR-1997/RCHME: Springfield Lyons Enclosures Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Springfield Lyons, Essex/ink AP transcription
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Springfield Lyons, Essex/report
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Springfield Lyons excavation: the Anglo-Saxon period
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Pit, Causewayed Enclosure
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Late Bronze Age
Display Date : Late Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -1200
Monument Type : Circular Enclosure, Round House (Domestic)
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Pit
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot, Field System
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Anglo-Saxon
Monument End Date : 650
Monument Start Date : 425
Monument Type : Cremation Cemetery, Ring Ditch
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Mid C5 and C6
Monument End Date : 599
Monument Start Date : 432
Monument Type : Inhumation Cemetery
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C10 and 11
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 900
Monument Type : Settlement, Longhouse, Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C11 and 12
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Settlement, Longhouse, Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Pit, Causewayed Enclosure
Object Type : LAUREL LEAF, SCRAPER (TOOL), SERRATED IMPLEMENT, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Late Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Circular Enclosure, Round House (Domestic)
Object Type : MOULD, LOOMWEIGHT, SPINDLE WHORL, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Pit
Object Type : SWORD, SCABBARD, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot, Field System
Object Type : TILE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Cremation Cemetery, Ring Ditch
Object Type : BROOCH, PIN, SPEAR, SHIELD, KNIFE, BEAD, COIN
Object Material : Silver

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : AF1075171
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 70 NW 86
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1075209
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SPRINGFIELD LYONS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1981-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SPRINGFIELD LYONS ENCLOSURES PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1997-03-25
End Date : 1997-03-27
Associated Activities : Primary, SPRINGFIELD BUSINESS PARK (PLOT K)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2011-01-01
End Date : 2011-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PLOT L, CHELMSFORD BUSINESS PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31