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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 26504

Hob Uid: 26504
Location :
South Tyneside
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : NZ3650068100
Summary : Roman buildings including a possible hypocaust were discovered in 1791 and 1798. Excavations in 1959 revealed a tribunal and a shrine area associated with the parade ground of a Roman fort. Coin and pottery evidence indicates a 2nd to 3rd century date.
More information : NZ 365 681. Outside the NE corner of the Roman fort, remains of several buildings including a possible Roman circular hypocaust were discovered 1791 and 1798. Bruce considered these remains to be of "mixed character some Roman, others of a later date". (1-2)

Excavations in 1959 at Beacon Street (NZ 3653 6805) revealed evidence of a tribunal and shrine area associated with the parade ground of the fort. Coin and pottery evidence points to use during the C2nd AD, falling off in the second half of the C3, when the site was abandoned. (3)

No further information. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Borough of South Shields 1903 sketch plan by N Fairles c1770 (G B Hodgson)
Page(s) : Dec-13
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 230
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1885
Source Number : 3
Source : South Shields Archaeological and Historical Society papers
Source details : (J W Thornbarrow)
Page(s) : Jun-25
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1(7), 1959
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISS 10-OCT-78
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 299
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Hypocaust, Parade Ground, Building, Shrine
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 36 NE 44
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 26402
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, BEACON STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1791-01-01
End Date : 1798-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BEACON STREET, SOUTH SHIELDS (ARBEIA)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1959-01-01
End Date : 1959-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 36 NE 44
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-10-10
End Date : 1978-10-10