HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1427650

Hob Uid: 1427650
Location :
North Somerset
Clevedon
Grid Ref : ST3911570647
Summary : A 20th century rectangular military structure, used during WW2 as observation post, air raid shelter or pillbox, was mapped from aerial photographs taken in 1954. The structure is not readily apparent in aerial photographs taken in 1946 or 1950 but may have been covered in earth for enhanced protection or camouflage. Located on top of Wain's Hill in Clevedon, the structure is about 5 metres long and 2 metres wide and centred at ST 3911 7064. Two small loopholes are located on the SSW facing wall, along with a single square doorway, facing down the Severn Estuary and therefore most likely towards the direction of any invading forces. A field visit states that the walls are about 6 inches thick, there's no anti-ricochet/anti-blast wall inside and loopholes in the walls are of irregular size and shape. Although previously described as a Second World War type 26 pillbox, the structure's position, wall thickness, door and loopholes position, shape and size does not match that pillbox type. It seems more likely that originally it may have been constructed pre-war and then just incorporated into anti-invasion defences in 1940 as observation post, pillbox or air raid shelter. The structure was still visible in aerial photographs taken in 1985. A field visit in 1992 found the structure extant and in a fair condition.
More information : Type 26 pillbox (and air raid shelter).Pillbox within univallate hillfort, and scheduled with it.

Wain's Hill, Clevedon. (1)

A 20th century rectangular military structure, used during WW2 as observation post, air raid shelter or pillbox, was mapped from aerial photographs taken in 1954. The structure is not readily apparent in aerial photographs taken in 1946 or 1950 but may have been covered in earth for enhanced protection or camouflage. Located on top of Wain's Hill in Clevedon, the structure is about 5 metres long and 2 metres wide and centred at ST 3911 7064. Two small loopholes are located on the SSW facing wall, along with a single square doorway, facing down the Severn Estuary and therefore most likely towards the direction of any invading forces. A field visit states that the walls are about 6 inches thick, there's no anti-ricochet/anti-blast wall inside and loopholes in the walls are of irregular size and shape. Although previously described as a Second World War type 26 pillbox, the structure's position, wall thickness, door and loopholes position, shape and size does not match that pillbox type. It seems more likely that originally it may have been constructed pre-war and then just incorporated into anti-invasion defences in 1940 as observation post, pillbox or air raid shelter. The structure was still visible in aerial photographs taken in 1985. (2-6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1869 3092 04-DEC-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF F20/541/553 3036 04-JUN-1950
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF F22/58/1354 0043-0044 23-FEB-1954
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/85062 108-109 29-MAY-1985
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Somerset Pillboxes ¿ North Somerset ¿ Clevedon http://www.pillboxes-somerset.com/clevedon.htm {Date accessed 19-FEB-2008]
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th Century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Military Building
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Constructed 1940-41
Monument End Date : 1941
Monument Start Date : 1940
Monument Type : Pillbox (Type FW3/26), Air Raid Shelter, Pillbox, Observation Post, Military Building
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : DoB Anti Invasion Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : S0013529
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 9756
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 37 SE 34
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 192815
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, GLOUCESTERSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL: SEVERN ESTUARY NMP, RAPID COASTAL ZONE ASSESSMENT SURVEY
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2006-04-10
End Date : 2008-11-01